Child abuse and neglect are extremely traumatic experience; they have terribly deleterious effects on victim child’s development.
The earliest report on “battered child syndrome” described mental retardation in abused children. However, hard and harsh conditions could be mental pabulum for survivors, known as posttraumatic growth. With respect to intellectual development, almost all the influence of child maltreatment are negative but there is a vague positive possibility.
In Kohske Ogata’ study from Osaka Prefectural Government Child-Family Center in Japan, published in Psychology (Psych) 2011 vol.2 by Scientific Research Publishing.He replicated and elaborated the prior research providing the hypothesis that Picture Completion test in the Wechsler scale suggests the hyperarousal symptom in their PTSDHis research analyzed the WISC-III of 12 physically abused, 12 sexually abused, 12 neglected, and 12 non-maltreated children. Results revealed that there was a significant difference on the Picture Completion test only between sexually abused and non-maltreated group, showing higher score in sexually victims as controlled for Full-scale IQ. Sexual abuse as a most traumatic experience may facilitate their visual processing ability because anxiety and fear against victimization give rise to the advancement to avoid and survive the next assault by a perpetrator. Hyper-vigilance state in abused children may be a consequence of their keeping strict watch against outer world of them.
He makes an admonish for practitioners that it is quite important to assess and estimatetheir posttraumatic symptoms in one way and another even if any kinds of the PTSD scale were not administered. He continued his research to understand maltreated children’s development; then, he has already reported the sequel examination that analyzed larger samples by more direct methodology, published in Psychology (Psych) 2012 vol.3 by Scientific Research Publishing.