Lagrangian Model PETROMAR-3D to Describe Complex Processes in Marine Oil Spills

Authors: Amilcar E. Calzada, Iván Delgado, Carlos Ramos, Frank Pérez, Dailín Reyes, Dayana Carracedo, Alejandro Rodríguez, Dayron Chang, Javier Cabrales,
Alexander Lobaina

ABSTRACT
The version 2.1 of PETROMAR-3D model, created in the Center for Marine Meteorology of the Meteorology Institute of Cuba, is presented. This Lagrangian model has been designed to describe the physical processes of marine oil spills in the face of multiple scenarios of the marine environment. Although it is applicable to any part of the world, it is mainly designed for inter-American seas. The novelty has been to integrate the processes of drift and weathering into a model, with updated methods that incorporate 3D phenomena, a very favorable situation to achieve an operating system in Cuba and the region for the immediate and medium term. Python was chosen as the programming language because it has advanced libraries for numerical modeling, automation work and other useful tools for pre-and post-processing. By means of adapters, an important number of atmospheric, hydrodynamic and wave models have been considered to create the scenarios efficiently. The modular distribution in which the code has been created facilitates its use for other dispersion analysis and biophysical applications. Finally, a set of simple images are presented, aimed at informing decision-makers in order to mitigate the effects of the spill on the environment.

Source:

Journal: Open Journal of Marine Science


DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2021.111002(PDF)
Paper Id: 106388 (metadata)

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