Authors:O. I. Apeh, V. N. Uzodinma, E. S. Ebinne, E. C. Moka, E. U. Onah
Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) depict the configuration of the earth surface and are being applied in many areas in earth and environmental sciences. In this study, the accuracy of the Advanced Land Observing Satellite World 3D Digital Surface Model version 2.1 (ALOS W3D30), the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model version 3.0 (SRTM30) and the Advanced Space borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Global DEM version 2.0 (ASTER GDEM2) was statistically assessed using high accuracy GPS survey data. Root-Mean-Square errors of ~5.40 m, ~7.47 m and ~20.03 m were obtained for ALOS W3D30, SRTM30 and ASTER GDEM2 respectively. In further analyses, we discovered that ALOS W3D30 and SRTM30 were much more accurate in regions where the height intervals were within 201 m – 400 m and >801 m. ALOS W3D30 proved to be the most accurate DEM that best represents the topography of the earth’s surface and could be used for some earth and environmental applications in Nigeria. We recommend that this study should serve as a guide in the use of any of these DEMs for earth and environmental applications in Nigeria.
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