Review of International Supply Chain Risk within Banking Regulations in Asia, US and EU Including Cost Efficiency Proposals

Authors: Vanessa Seipp, Alex Michel, Patrick Siegfried

Major financial institutions operate in different regions of the world facing different regulatory landscapes for Supply Chain risks. In this environment, the optimization issue arises how to best comply with the different regulations and reaching cost efficiency at the same time. In this research, the international regulatory landscape for Supply Chain risks of Financial Institutions is introduced and compared internationally. It is understood as an integral part of Supply Chain Risk Management of Financial Institutions, yet the latter is analysed as the research background. Additionally, expert interviews are conducted in order to link the regulation analysis to the current challenges that Financial Institutions face. Finally, recommendations are developed on how banks can be cost efficient, while remaining regulatory compliant, facing increased international regulation in the area of Supply Chain Risk Management. The outcome of the underlying research shows that banking regulation in the area of Supply Chain risks is an important lever in the banking sector to secure customers and financial markets. However, the regulatory landscape is heterogeneous and not consistent on an international scale. Regulation in Asia is highly diverse across different countries due to different states of economic development. The US applies a rather pragmatical approach towards supply chain risk regulation applying different standards of standard setting institutions. Lastly, the EU is very restrictive and strives to unify regulation across member states. Banks should follow a consistent management approach keeping in mind international locations and the strictest regulatory environment they are operating in, to improve cost efficiency yet being regulatory compliant. Also, collaboration with and amongst regulators and other banks internationally is recommended for improved cost efficiency.


Journal: Journal of Financial Risk Management
DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2020.93013(PDF)
Paper Id: 103085 (metadata)

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Application of Optical Flow Analysis to Shadowgraph Images of Impinging Jet

Authors: Masato Hijikuro, Masayuki Anyoji

In this study, we apply the optical flow method to the time-series shadowgraph images of impinging jets using a high-speed video camera with high spatial and temporal resolution. This image analysis provides quantitative velocity vector fields in the object space without tracer particles. The analysis results clearly capture the details of the coherent vortex structure and its advection from the shear layer of the free jet. Although the results still leave challenges for the quantitative validation, the results show that this analysis method is effective for understanding the details of the physical phenomenon based on the quantitative values extracted from the shadowgraph images.


Journal: Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization
DOI: 10.4236/jfcmv.2020.84011(PDF)
Paper Id: 103049 (metadata)

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Canine Hypoadrenocorticism: A Bibliographic Review

Authors: Cinthia Peres Camilo, Mauro José Lahm Cardoso, Paula Nassar De Marchi, Fernando Galdino Ricci, Murilo Sousa Romeiro

Canine hypoadrenocorticism may be characterized by insufficiency of adrenocortical hormonal secretion of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Clinical signs are nonspecific such as dehydration, hypovolemic shock, bradycardia, hypotension, emesis, diarrhea, among other clinical and laboratory changes, and can mimic other diseases, and because of this, the disease can go unnoticed by the veterinarian, increasing the mortality and morbidity of patients seen in emergency consultations. Despite being of low occurrence, hypoadrenocorticism is often underdiagnosed, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis in the presence of gastrointestinal clinical signs or hypovolemic shock, and low Sodium:Potassium ratio. The definitive diagnosis is based on the dosage of cortisol before and after the application of the adrenocorticotrophic hormone. Acute treatment consists of patient stabilization, and chronic includes replacement of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Prognosis is usually favorable if the diagnosis is early and the correct treatment is performed. This article is a review focusing on clinical signs, laboratory findings, diagnosis and treatment on canine hypoadrenocorticism, to increase the knowledge about the disease to veterinarians.


Journal: Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine
DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2020.109014(PDF)
Paper Id: 102991 (metadata)

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The Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Risk Behaviors: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Youth

Authors: Maurizio Esposito, Maria Ferrara, Ciprian Panzaru, Elisabetta De Vito

Drug release is a crucial process in treatment. Conventional drug administration requires patient’s compliance and has the risk of overdosing. In order to control drug release, several potential materials are develo0ped. In this paper, we focus on hydrogel material and simulate drug release process in MATLAB. We optimize the parameter for a seven-day release of a drug. The results show that the diffusion coefficient at approximately 4.00E?11 could ensure medicine to diffuse around 7 days and maintain its effects.


Journal: Advances in Applied Sociology
DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2020.109022(PDF)
Paper Id: 102966 (metadata)

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An Optimized Parameter of Hydrogel for a Seven-Day Release of a Drug

Author: Zixuan Jiang

Drug release is a crucial process in treatment. Conventional drug administration requires patient’s compliance and has the risk of overdosing. In order to control drug release, several potential materials are develo0ped. In this paper, we focus on hydrogel material and simulate drug release process in MATLAB. We optimize the parameter for a seven-day release of a drug. The results show that the diffusion coefficient at approximately 4.00E−11 could ensure medicine to diffuse around 7 days and maintain its effects.


Journal: Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology
DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2020.114015(PDF)
Paper Id: 102930 (metadata)

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Research on Behaviour Recognition Method for Moving Target Based on Deep Convolutional Neural Network

Authors: Jianfang Liu, Hao Zheng, Mengyi Liao

Aiming at the problem that the average recognition degree of the moving target line is low with the traditional motion target behaviour recognition method, a motion recognition method based on deep convolutional neural network is proposed in this paper. A target model of deep convolutional neural network is constructed and the basic unit of the network is designed by using the model. By setting the unit, the returned unit is calculated into the standard density diagram, and the position of the moving target is determined by the local maximum method to realize the behavior identification of the moving target. The experimental results show that the multi-parameter SICNN256 model is slightly better than other model structures. The average recognition rate and recognition rate of the moving target behavior recognition method based on deep convolutional neural network are higher than those of the traditional method, which proves its effectiveness. Since the frequency of single target is higher than that of multiple recognition and there is no target similarity recognition, similar target error detection cannot be excluded.


Journal: Journal of Computer and Communications
DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2020.89005(PDF)
Paper Id: 102893 (metadata)

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Antimicrobial Activity of a Formulation of Libidibia ferrea L. against Microorganisms of the Dental Biofilm

Authors: Raquel de Oliveira Marreiro, Maria Fulgência Costa Lima Bandeira, Carina Toda, Fábio Correia Sampaio, Tatiane Pereira de Souza, Gisely Naura Venâncio,
Wanderleia Monteiro de Souza, Nikeila Chacon de Oliveira Conde

This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the extract of Libidibia ferrea L. (228.022-INPA) and a mouthwash formulation against microorganisms of the dental biofilm. The extract of Libidibia ferrea L. was prepared and formulated with an alcohol-free mouthwash. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration—MIC was determined by microdilution and cell viability was evaluated through fluorescence. The MICs for the extract were 4.375 μg/mL (Streptococcus mutans), 3.750 μg/mL (Streptococcus oralis), 4.375 μg/mL (Lactobacillus casei). In contrast, for the mouthwash, the MICs were 6.000 μg/mL (bacteriostatic against Streptococcus mutans and bactericidal against Streptococcus oralis). In 1.250 μg/mL of the extract, the number of viable cells measured by fluorescence tests was 16.47% and 14.12% for Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei, respectively. For the mouthwash (1.000 μg/mL), 20.60% of viable cells for Streptococcus mutans, and 9.60% for Lactobacillus casei were observed. It can be concluded that the extract and its mouthwash containig Libidibia ferrea L. showed antibacterial activity against microorganisms from the dental biofilm.


Journal: Advances in Microbiology
DOI: 10.4236/aim.2020.109032(PDF)
Paper Id: 102860 (metadata)

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Entrepreneurial Financing Based on (Dis)ability

Authors: Terry L. Howard, Gregory W. Ulferts

The purpose of this research was to conduct a survey of entrepreneurs to gain insight into the use of financing by small businesses. The results of an initial qualitative case study of three entrepreneurs suggested that financing issues were of concern to entrepreneurs with disabilities (EWDs). The quantitative analysis determined whether differences existed in the use of funding between EWDs and entrepreneurs without disabilities (EWODs). Overall, the sample size of 251 allowed the researcher to determine normal distribution, no outliers, and that the results were reliable. The independent sample t-tests resulted in the rejection of both null hypotheses, indicating that significant differences existed in the use of the studied financing options. There is a statistical difference between EWDs and EWODs relative to the receipt of alternative financing. The results showed that there is a statistical difference between EWDs and EWODs relative to the use of social capital for funding.


Journal: Open Journal of Business and Management
DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2020.85133(PDF)
Paper Id: 102851 (metadata)

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Implementation of Control Algorithms in Small Embedded Systems

Author: Lars Bengtsson

This work describes how a control algorithm can be implemented in a small (8-bit) microcontroller for the main purpose of merging embedded systems and control theory in electrical engineering undergraduate classes. Two different methods for discretizing the control expression are compared: Euler transformation and bilinear transformation. The sampling rate’s impact on the algorithm is discussed and theoretical results are verified by an application to a temperature control system in a heating plant. Four control algorithms are compared: PID and PI algorithms discretized with Euler and bilinear transformation, respectively. It is shown that for the heating plant used in this work, a bilinear PI algorithm implemented in a small 8-bit microcontroller outperforms a commercial controller from Panasonic. It is also demonstrated that all the derived algorithms can be implemented using integer calculations only, obviating the need for expensive and time-consuming floating-point calculations. This work bridges the gap between control theory equations and the implementation of control systems in small embedded systems with no inherent floating-point processing power.


Journal: Engineering
DOI: 10.4236/eng.2020.129044(PDF)
Paper Id: 102829 (metadata)

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Vocational Education and Training and the Development of Safe Workers

Author: Richard Skiba

Vocational Education and Training (VET) plays a significant role in the development of work ready individuals and a significant component of a work readiness is the ability to undertake work in a safe manner. This discussion paper aims to outline the various roles played by stakeholders in the VET sector in shaping the development of “safe workers” and increasing the effectiveness of training provided by the VET sector, particularly related to licenced outcome training. The discussion investigates methods to manage and integrate stakeholder expectations and requirements across the various contributors to the training and assessment processes. Current practices are noted and considered with an identification of potential gaps, particularly in stakeholder communication and knowledge, including the dissemination of relevant information. Issues related to the complexity created where the training and assessment practices are regulated by multiple regulators are highlighted as a primary focus of the study. The paper concludes by proposing establishment of an independent group of technical experts across the range of applicable regulations requirements to provide authoritative support to the VET sector.


Journal: Creative Education
DOI: 10.4236/ce.2020.119118(PDF)
Paper Id: 102792 (metadata)

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