Author：Boris B. Pinkhasov
Why such a traditional methods of treating obesity as restrictive diets and increased physical activity have shown success for short-term weight loss, but long-term results are disappointing because regaining weight is the rule.
One of the most important reasons for the low efficiency of the obesity treatment is the development of adaptive responses on the homeostatic system level. In particular, in the conditions of the hypocaloric nutrition level of energy metabolism in the body compensatory reduced and cause development of so-called «diet depression», that slows down the rate of weight loss . Researches of these processes in obese people allowed Boris B. Pinkhasov and his colleagues developed a method for correcting the human body mass with the inclusion in the scheme of treatment impacts of full spectrum bright artificial light.
In Boris B. Pinkhasov’s research article from Scientific Centre of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, published in Health, 2014, Vol. 3 by Scientific Research Publishing, the use of complex method of obesity correction including the combination of exercise and bright light exposure, against the background of a low calorie diet, provides a greater reduction of body weight and adipose tissue mass than the use of a diet alone or a diet in combination with physical exercises. Inclusion of bright light exposures in a complex scheme of obesity correction increases the level of energy metabolism in the body, despite long-term food restriction.
It is known that intensive, individualized programs have been successful, but are limited by time and resources. The advantage of using light exposure in the schemes of obesity correction is that this approach can be used in patients with concomitant diseases that contraindicate intense exercise. Exposure to bright artificial light can be used in various schemes of body weight correction and is especially important in winter when the period of insolation is short. Light exposures can be included in different programs of obesity correction through lifestyle modification, which will allow us to increase their effectiveness, especially in treatment of concomitant diseases at obesity, including type 2 diabetes. Even moderate weight loss in combination with increased activity can improve insulin sensitivity and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes and prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in high-risk persons. Inclusion of light exposures in such programs can be a very promising trend.