A puzzling similarity has been observed in some of the ceramics and figurines in several cultures in Eastern Europe (the Trypillia-Cucuteni culture, 6500 – 5500 years before present [ybp]), Thailand (the Ban-Chiang culture, between 7400 and 3800 ybp), China (the Yangshao culture, between 8000 and 4000 ybp), North America (the Anasazi-Mogollon culture, between 7500 ybp and present time). It is remarkable that the ceramics of these four cultures match each other in 17 (45%) of the 38 indicators used to distinguish archeological ceramic piece in the comparative research. Remarkably, all four cultures with look-alike ceramics also use the swastika as a common symbol. We advance the hypothesis that all four cultures are connected by the Aryan (bearers of R1a) migrations between 5500 and 3000 ybp. While the Aryan migrations in Eurasia are well verified by DNA data, those in theAmericasare not known as yet. Consideration of R1ahaplotypes among Native Americans do not conflict with the hypothesis.
This paper aims to explain a puzzling similarity in ceramics excavated from four Neolithic cultures and described in detail in Mironova (2013). The archaeological cultures, all agricul-
• in Europe, the Trypillian, or Trypillia-Cucuteni culture, 6500 – 5500 years before present (ybp), northwest from the Black Sea, and between the rivers Dnestr on the West and
Dnepr on the East
• in North-East Thailand, the Ban-Chiang culture, near the border with Laos, 7400 – 3800 ybp
• in China, the Yangshao culture, in the Huang He (Yellow River) basin, 8000 – 4000 ybp
• in North America, the Anasazi-Mogollon culture, located in Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, and Colorado, 7500- the pre-sent.
The dates given here are for the cultures, not for the ceramics, which—if dated at all—are often not reliably dated. All the cul-tures are ancient; the Trypillian culture, which belongs to the Proto-Slavic region of Vincha-Tordosh-Keresh-Cucuteni-Try-pillia cultures of 8000 – 5000 ybp, reveals some similarity with ceramics and other artifacts of the Mesolithic Lepenski Vir culture in Serbia, dated at least 9400 – 8200 ybp using stron-tium isotope measurements (Boric & Price, 2013).
It is remarkable that these cultures—separated by thousands of miles—designed ceramics and figurines that bear similarities that cannot be regarded as accidental.
Features by which the Ceramic Artifacts Were
The features by which we assessed the ceramics were as-signed according to 38 features referred to technology, shape, function and ornament, the latter was based on classification by Golan (1991). We have found 17 similarities (45%) among the ceramics of the said four cultures. Remarkably, all four cultures with look-alike ceramics also use the swastika as a common symbol. The 17 similarities include the technology of ceram-ics-making using clay ribbons (without potter’s wheel) and polishing instruments, and finishing the surface: print of baskets, bast texture, engobe coating. Besides, they include common shapes and ornaments (designs, images, symbols) as follows: spoons with similar ornaments, anthropomorphic images, Great Goddess figure, Great Goddess face, “Eyes of Goddess”/volute sign, “eye” sign, Triglav (triskelion), spiral, double spiral, “Seeded soil” sign, triangles, S-shape ornaments, the Wsign, apparent calendar functions of the vessels. Besides, some common characteristics were not mentioned in (Golan, 1991), such as swastika, “Tausen” symbol, figurine shape, figurine ornament, such as mouth open, position of arms and legs, exposed genitals. Most of similarities are in the design/symbols categories. Not all similarities are shown in the figures in this paper, for more detailed comparisons the reader is referred to (Mironova, 2013) containing more than 140 illustrations.
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