SCIRP – FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Table of Contents of FAQs

1 General Interest
Q1: Does SCIRP follow a Mission Statement?
Q2: How is SCIRP organized? What are its imprints?
Q3: What is SCIRP’s market segment?
Q4: Does SCIRP expand in other market segments?
Q5: Who are the companies in the publishing group together with SCIRP?
Q6: What is “Inc.”?
Q7: Where is SCIRP Inc.’s Home?
Q8: Where is SCIRP’s Principal Place of Business?
Q9: What is a Principal Place of Business?
Q10: Where on the map is SCIRP’s Principal Place of Business located?
Q11: May I have a look at your offices?
Q12: Why are SCIRP’s offices located in China? Is this offshoring?
Q13: Why then Delaware, USA?
Q14: Isn’t incorporation in Delaware a little unusual practice?
Q15: Ok, but isn’t Delaware too much in the news with negative headlines?
Q16: Who is SCIRP’s registered agent in Delaware?
Q17: Does SCIRP pay tax in Delaware?
Q18: May I see older tax reports?
Q19: Does SCIRP have an office in California, USA?
Q20: What about your US Post Office Box?
Q21: What about your US phone number?
Q22: What are SCIRP’s online marketing strategies?
Q23: What are SCIRP’s email marketing practices?
Q24: How is SCIRP organized and structured?

2 Submission
Q1: How do I find out if my paper is in scope for a SCIRP journal?
Q2: How do I submit my paper to a SCIRP journal?
Q3: Should I use the template for submission?
Q4: What type of file format do you accept?
Q5: Is there a word or page limit for papers published in a SCIRP journal?
Q6: Is it essential to recommend guest reviewers for my paper?
Q7: Can I publish a review or survey paper in SCIRP?
Q8: How do I know if my paper submitted to SCIRP worked well?
Q9: Do I need to provide a signed declaration from all authors with my submission?
Q10: Do I need to submit a cover letter with my manuscript?

3 Article Processing Charges
Q1: Is there any publication fee charged for papers published in a SCIRP journal?
Q2: How do I pay the article processing charges to a SCIRP journal?
Q3: How do I find out if my article processing charges have been safely received by SCIRP’s journal?

4 Peer-review Process
Q1: How long will it take to peer review my paper?

5 Publication
Q1: How long will it take for my paper to be available online after the acceptance?

6 Indexing, Journal and Article Metrics
Q1: Do SCIRP journals have Impact Factors?
Q2: So, what about SCIRP’s Google-based Journal Impact Factor?
Q3: Does SCIRP follow DORA’s recommendations?
Q4: Do SCIRP journals have their citations tracked?
Q5: Are SCIRP journals indexed?
Q6: What are Article Level Metrics (ALM)?
Q7: Does SCIRP provide Article Level Metrics (ALM)?
Q8: What is CrossRef Cited-by Linking?

1 General Interest


Q1: Does SCIRP follow a Mission Statement?
A1: SCIRP’s management and staff is very motivated to do the tasks at hand as good as possible. To focus attention something like a Mission Statement is used internally, but it is not used on the Internet (at least not more than here where the question comes up and is answered). SCIRP does not advertise with its Mission Statement. So, the answer is yes. Here it is: Our top priority is to make our authors and readers happy and satisfied with the publishing services provided. We promote our journals. We are continuously improving the quality of our services and processes.


Q2: How is SCIRP organized? What are its imprints?
A2: SCIRP has several private owners who decided in 2007 to establish a company. They registered the company as a corporation in the state of Delaware, USA with the name Scientific Research Publishing Inc. (SCIRP). Its Principal Place of Business is in Wuhan, China. In general, one single publishing company may have multiple imprints. Imprints are different identities of one publishing company for readers and authors. Imprints are quite handy in marketing products to different demographic consumer segments. Imprints may appear to the public like companies, but they are really departments within one company. All this does not apply to SCIRP. SCIRP is one company with only one imprint known as SCIRP.


Q3: What is SCIRP’s market segment?
A3: SCIRP is publishing English language open access scholarly journals for academics in a global market. SCIRP’s journals cover a wide range of academic disciplines. Highest quality at an affordable price is the compromise with which SCIRP offers to serve all nations. This is SCIRP’s market and nothing else.


Q4: Does SCIRP expand in other market segments?
A4: No, SCIRP will only serve one market segment as explained in A2, but SCIRP’s owners did want to enter also into other markets. For this purpose they started so far all together three different companies each with its own registration. All three companies are co-located with their Principal Place of Business in Wuhan, China forming a publishing group.


Q5: Who are the companies in the publishing group together with SCIRP?
A5: These are the companies and their respective market segment forming a publishing group:

The identical Principal Place of Business can be found for all three companies on their respective AboutUs page (About SCIRP, About Hans, About OALib):

Building 5, Headquarters Space of Optical Valley, Tangxun Lake North Road #38, East Lake High-Tech Development Zone, Wuhan 430223, Hubei Province, China

Hans’ address is given in Chinese. As for the name of “Hans”, “Han” means China, “S” means civilization in Chinese pronunciation.

SCIRP has a little section active in (traditional) publishing of books. In cooperation with the Engineering Information Institute conferences are organized (see About Engii) .


Q6: What is “Inc.”?
A6: “Inc.” or “Incorporated” denotes the corporate status of the company. Scientific Research Publishing Inc. was formed through registration (incorporation) in Delaware, USA. Please see About SCIRP for details. A corporation is a legal entity that is effectively recognized as a metaphysical person under the law. A corporation, as a group of people, may be recognized as having some of the same legal rights and responsibilities as an individual. For example, corporations may contract with other parties and sue or be sued in court in the same way as natural persons. This concept is called corporate personhood. “While people acquire legal personhood when they are born, juridical persons do so when they are incorporated in accordance with law.” Corporations are owned by shareholders whose liability is limited to their investment. “Inc.” puts everybody on constructive notice that they are dealing with an entity whose liability is limited. The fact that SCIRP is “Inc.” has certain advantages. For readers and authors the durability of the company is of importance. “A corporation is capable of continuing indefinitely. Its existence is not affected by the death of shareholders, directors, or officers of the corporation.”  (Wikipedia; various articles) US states do not collect the names of owners – the natural persons – through the incorporation process. (Delaware Corporate Law)


Q7: Where is SCIRP Inc.’s Home?
A7: SCIRP was incorporated in Delaware, USA. Please see About SCIRP. This means the company is so to speak “born in the USA”. A corporation is a legal entity in itself like an individual. This (and only this) makes Delaware, USA the home and domestic state of SCIRP. “Home is where the incorporation is.” (Delaware Registered Agent)

More details in SCIRP’s blog post Scientific Research Publishing Inc. – A Company with Home in the USA!


Q8: Where is SCIRP’s Principal Place of Business?
A8: SCIRP’s headquarters is formally called Principal Place of Business (PPB). It’s location: Building 5, Headquarters Space of Optical Valley, Tangxun Lake North Road #38, East Lake High-Tech Development Zone, Wuhan 430223, Hubei Province, China


Q9: What is a Principal Place of Business?
A9: SCIRP’s address in China is called its Principal Place of Business (PPB). PPB is a term from US American legislation with respect to incorporation. Less formal, the PPB is called headquarters or head office. In contrast to the home of the legal entity, the PPB is where the buildings are (brick and mortar), where executives make decisions (the nerve center), and where the activities are conducted (the muscle center). (Delaware Registered Agent) Delaware Corporate Law requires to specify the physical location (city, town, street, and number) of the principal place of business of the corporation. A post office box address may not be used. At SCIRP we call our Wuhan office also Place of Customer Service or China Office.


Q10: Where on the map is SCIRP’s Principal Place of Business located?
A10: Location of Tangxun Lake North Road #38, Wuhan 430223, Hubei Province, China


View Larger Map

SCIRP is located on 汤逊湖北路. This is transliterated “tang xun hu bei lu” and means something like “soup inferior lake north road”, but the first two are the name of the lake and should not be translated. So we get in English: “Tangxun Lake North Road” or abreviated: “Tangxun Lake North Rd”. Google Maps is using another mix of translated / untranslated words: “Tangxunhu North Rd”. If we enter this into Google Maps, we get a hit and get additionally displayed: “Tang Xun Hu Bei Lu”. Click above on “View Larger Map” and you will see it.


Q11: May I have a look at your offices?
A11: Sure! If you are around, stop by. For the time being look at this:

Inside_SCIRP_1Inside_SCIRP_2Inside_SCIRP_3


Q12: Why are SCIRP’s offices located in China? Is this offshoring?
A12: The first part of the question is a classic. We have provided a longer answer on About SCIRP. Here in short: SCIRP’s offices are located in China because the company was founded by, it is managed by, and it is staffed with Chinese people. Nothing has been relocated. Therefore, it is no offshoring. SCIRP offers many young graduates with knowledge of English an interesting job with international exposure.


Q13: Why then Delaware, USA?
A13: SCIRP was started by a group of scholars trained in the USA who had the idea to offer English language scholarly OA journals globally. With US American home and jurisdiction the company is positioned in the middle of its market in close proximity with many of its business partners. Delaware offers favorable conditions for this venture:

  • Delaware does not require any business activities or offices to be located in Delaware, other than a registered agent. [1]
  • Owners and managers need not be U.S. citizens. [1]
  • For corporations, there is no state corporate income tax for companies that are formed in Delaware but do not transact business there. [2]
  • There is no personal income tax for non-residents. [2]

[1] Delaware Corporate Law, [2] BizFilings


Q14: Isn’t incorporation in Delaware a little unusual practice?
A14: No. Delaware was in 1899 the second state in the USA to adopt an enabling corporate law, with the goal of attracting more business to the state. It became the leading corporate state in 1913. [1]  Today “more than 50% of all US publicly traded companies … are incorporated in Delaware. [2]  “Today more than one million business entities have made Delaware their legal home.” Delaware is home “not only for US entities – companies around the world can take advantage of Delaware’s benefits.” “Delaware does not require any business activities or offices to be located in Delaware, other than a registered agent.” [3]
[1] Wikipedia: Corporation, [2] Wikipedia: Delaware, [3] Delaware Corporate Law


Q15: Ok, but isn’t Delaware too much in the news with negative headlines?
A15: Please read what Delaware has to say about itself: Facts and Myths. We do not take part in US internal debates. We just follow US law.


Q16: Who is SCIRP’s registered agent in Delaware?
A16: SCIRP’s registered agent can be determined from SCIRP’s registration (see About SCIRP for detail). SCIRP’s registered agent is: Similex Incorporated, 3500 S. Dupont Highway, Dover, DE 19901, USA


Q17: Does SCIRP pay tax in Delaware?
A17: Yes, but very little. “All domestic corporations formed or doing business in Delaware are required to file an Annual Franchise Tax Report and pay a Franchise Tax … [and] $50 filing fee” (Royse Law Firm) Annual Franchise Tax: “5,000 shares or less (minimum tax) $175.00.” [since 2014] (Delaware Corporate Law) SCIRP has paid its annually required franchise tax ($75 up to 2013) and its annual filing fee for being incorporated in Delaware, USA. With this link together with SCIRP’s Business Entity File Number (5124220) given on About SCIRP this can be checked online for the past year.


Q18: May I see older tax reports?
A18: Sure, here are the two reports from 2012 and 2013. “CR” stands for “credit” i.e. money paid by SCIRP.

SCIRP Delaware Tax Report 2013
SCIRP Delaware Tax Report 2013
SCIRP Delaware Tax Report 2012
SCIRP Delaware Tax Report 2012


Q19: Does SCIRP have an office in California, USA?
A19: Yes and no. Please tell us how you define the term “office” and we tell you if we have one in accordance to your definition or not. We have what we consider a small office in Irvine, California. We have one employee there who is on SCIRP’s payroll and helps us to collect mail and works on marketing and public relations (PR) activities. Due to the fact that different definitions exist in the world with respect to what an office is – minimum requirements often related to taxation – we usually do not claim we have an office in California or in the USA. This is also why you do not find such a claim on our website. At SCIRP we refer to it mostly with Place of Public Relation seldom with US Office.


Q20: What about your US Post Office Box?
A20: It is P. O. BOX 54821, Irvine CA 92619-4821, USA. As explained also on About SCIRP  we have this for ease of communication with you. Business partners e.g. from the USA may rather send their mail to California, USA than to China. By the way: We are not hiding behind a PO Box as we are giving our physical address required for the Principal Place of Business by Delaware Corporate Law.


Q21: What about your US phone number?
A21: It is +1-209-266-2606. The country code “1” stands for USA. Instead of “+” you dial whatever is necessary for you to get out of your own country. We offer the US American phone number for ease of communication with you. The call is redirected and answered from Wuhan, China. The phone will be answered during our office hours 08:30 am to 5:30 pm. To facilitate conversion to your time zone we have specified times of availability in Universal Time Coordinated (UTC): 00:30 – 09:30. Considering your time zone you will find when best to call us. Please also consider during summer month the daylight saving time in case your country has it. China has no daylight saving time this means our office hours are fixed with respect to UTC. Our employees have quite a proficient command of English in reading and writing. To communicate fluently with a native speaker on the phone can be much more difficult. So, please be patient.


Q22: What are SCIRP’s online marketing strategies?
A22: Some advertisement is necessary and online marketing is the only option for an online publisher. Email marketing is only one option of online marketing. SCIRP is using email marketing in a cautious manner because also emails sent legally can annoy recipients. This is the last SCIRP wants. For this reason, the strategy is to limit email campaigns and to use alternative channels to announce author’s achievements (interesting papers with a more general focus) and publishing possibilities. SCIRP is using its own Blog, News, and various social media: LinkedIn, facebook, and Twitter. Companies affiliated with SCIRP advertise for one another on their websites with logo and link.


Q23: What are SCIRP’s email marketing practices?
A23: Email marketing can be done with solicited or with unsolicited emails. At SCIRP solicited bulk emails are sent to those users who have signed up for the newsletter on the publisher’s level or have signed up for the newsletter of a specific journal. Different mailing lists exist for users with different interests. Unsolicited commercial emails may be sent for a journal on the occasion of a Call for Papers (CFP) or for the announcement of a Special Issue. SCIRP also distributes its newsletter with links to latest published articles selected on the basis of general interest for a diverse audience. SCIRP limits the frequency of bulk email emissions. A recipient will receive no more than 2 bulk emails from SCIRP per month.

SCIRP Inc. is registered in the USA and sends unsolicited commercial emails (UCE) in strict accordance with the US CAN-SPAM Act of 2003. Three types of compliance are defined in the CAN-SPAM Act. Listed here are the most important requirements of each type and SCIRP’s strategy to comply with the CAN-SPAM Act (technical details are not discussed here):

  • Unsubscribe compliance: A visible and operable unsubscribe mechanism is present in all emails. The preview of SCIRP’s unsubscribe dialog is representative for the layout, but has not the functionality it would have attached to an actual email because some input parameters are missing in case of the preview.
  • Content compliance: a) SCIRP’s from line is accurate and gives the full name of the company. b) A relevant subject line (relevant to the offer in body content) is used. c) A legitimate physical address is used. The full address of SCIRP’s Principal Place of Business (Wuhan, China) is used in all messages.
  • Sending behavior compliance: The unsubscribe option is located below the message.

SCIRP sends personalized bulk emails as it knows not only the email address but also the name of the recipient. Recipients are addressed with given name and family name. Example: “Dear Thomas Smith,”. SCIRP has also the title of most recipients in its database. Titles are not used in addressing recipients. It was found that different styles exist, and readers are very sensitive if they are not addressed in exactly the way they are used to. Also bulk emails are always sent by a person e.g. the Editor-in-Chief, the Editorial Assistant, or the head of SCIRP’s marketing department. Their respective name is given and their functional email address. Bulk emails are sent in HTML format. A link to a related web page is given on top of the message in case the reader cannot see the email content properly. The specific content ends with SCIRP’s physical address and is followed by the unsubscribe link (which may also appear occasionally on top of the message). Please remember: You decide to receive SCIRP’s bulk emails. It’s all voluntary, only two clicks are necessary to unsubscribe!

More details in SCIRP’s blog post SCIRP Practicing Legal and Moderate Email Marketing.


Q24: How is SCIRP organized and structured?
A24: At the head of SCIRP is the president Prof. Dr. Huaibei (Barry) ZHOU and SCIRP’s director. The company is structured in different departments (periodicals department, marketing department, IT department, art department, …). Departments are structured into groups. The company has almost 200 employees and is growing.

2 Submission


Q1: How do I find out if my paper is in scope for a SCIRP journal?
A1: To establish whether you paper is suitable for the SCIRP journal, go to the website of the journal concerned, and then click on the “Aims and Scope” button to display the scope of the journal.


Q2: How do I submit my paper to a SCIRP journal?
A2: All papers must be submitted through our online submission system, in which paper status can easily be tracked. The new user should apply for a new group of Username & Password to submit. All the figures and tables should be combined with the text as a single MS Word or PDF for submission.


Q3: Should I use the template for submission?
A3: You’re suggested to format your manuscript according to our standard template. However, if you don’t know how to do it, please just prepare your manuscript as required by the Guideline. You can find basic instructions in the column of Manuscript Preparation. Papers should be submitted to us through our Online Submission System in MS Word or PDF version.


Q4: What type of file format do you accept?
A4: Papers in MS Word or PDF is the format for submitting your paper to our online submission system. After the acceptance of your paper, you can send your revised paper in MS Word or LaTex via email to us.


Q5: Is there a word or page limit for papers published in a SCIRP journal?
A5: No, quality is the most important criteria for the acceptance of a paper. However, for the benefit of peer-reviewers and readers papers should be as concise as possible. The most of our papers are about 10 pages, extra publication fee is charged for the additional pages.


Q6: Is it essential to recommend guest reviewers for my paper?
A6: Yes, recommending guest reviewers can improve the review process and publication efficiency of your paper. However, if you don’t have any candidates, we will help you to find good reviewers.


Q7: Can I publish a review or survey paper in SCIRP?
A7: Yes, there are no restrictions on the type of paper that may be published within SCIRP.


Q8: How do I know if my paper submitted to SCIRP worked well?
A8: You will receive an automatic confirmation e-mail as soon as you have uploaded the paper successfully. Your paper will then be checked and forwarded to the editors who will start the preliminary review. If there are any problems with your uploaded manuscript you will be contacted by the editors


Q9: Do I need to provide a signed declaration from all authors with my submission?
A9: Yes, an author declaration form should be signed by all authors and then please send it to the assistant via email.


Q10: Do I need to submit a cover letter with my manuscript?
A10: Yes, a Cover Letter is required. It can be submitted via the Paper Submission System together with the manuscript or sent to the Editorial Assistant separately via e-mail. The cover letter should be a headed letter from the Corresponding Author’s institution providing …

  • … background information about the author(s) and their organization(s): inculding links to personal webpages or alternatively a list of articles published in the past two years or a well maintained Author ID (e.g. ORCID),
  • … background information about the reviewers and their organizations: inculding links to personal webpages or a well maintained Author ID and an e-mail address for each reviewer,
  • … background information about the topic covered in the manuscript.

3 Article Processing Charges


Q1: Is there any publication fee charged for papers published in a SCIRP journal?
A1: Yes, all SCIRP journals are made freely available online, we guarantee that no university library or individual reader will ever have to buy a subscription or buy access through pay-per-view fees to access the papers published in SCIRP journals. In order to cover the costs of providing and maintaining a publication infrastructure, managing the journals, and processing the papers through peer-review and the editorial procedure, the journal charges a publication fee which is normally covered by the author’s institution or research funds. The publication fee is required to be paid upon acceptance of an article for publication. SCIRP may grant discounts on publication fees for authors of lower income countries, students or authors in financial difficulty.


Q2: How do I pay the article processing charges to a SCIRP journal?
A2: You can make APC payment via PayPal, PNC Bank Transfer, credit card or Western Union. Detailed payment instructions can be found on the submission system. You can also ask the editorial assistant for any problems.

Note:
1. If you make the Wired Transfer payment, please make sure that your Paper ID (mentioned in the e-mail) is filled in the “attached statement”, otherwise we cannot tell who has remitted the money. After the Wired Transfer payment, your local bank will return a receipt to you after the remittance. Do NOT discard it.
2. If you make the Online Payment, please remember your order number or keep the screen capturing of payment if it is possible.


Q3: How do I find out if my article processing charges have been safely received by SCIRP journal?
A3: Please notify and send your payment voucher via email to the editorial assistant after your payment. The editorial assistant shall email you a confirmation letter after receiving the payment.

4 Peer-review process


Q1: How long will it take to peer review my paper?
A1: It usually takes about 2-4 weeks. Please contact the Editorial Assistant if you want to know the status of your paper.

5 Publication


Q1: How long will it take for my paper to be available online after the acceptance?
A1: We will try to publish your paper as early as possible, but the time between acceptance and the creation of the full text version depends on how quickly you provide your final version. Normally, it will appear online around 3 weeks after all the publication procedures are completed.

6 Indexing, Journal and Article Metrics


Q1: Do SCIRP journals have Impact Factors?
A1: The journal impact factor (JIF) normally referred to is the proprietary journal impact factor from Thomson Reuters calculated based on the Web of Science (WOS) and published in the Journal Citation Reports® (JCR). We call this the JCR®JIF.

No, none of SCIRP’s journals have presently a JCR®JIF, but many of our journals have currently been accepted for Impact Factor tracking by Thomson Reuters (ISI). Please see our analysis from 05/2013.

Please also consider the information given in the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) which is also copied into SCIRP’s News. DORA is very critical about the JCR®JIF: “The Journal Impact Factor is frequently used as the primary parameter with which to compare the scientific output of individuals and institutions. [However, the] Journal Impact Factor, as calculated by Thomson Reuters, was originally created as a tool to help librarians identify journals to purchase, not as a measure of the scientific quality of research in an article.”

DOAJ is critical about the JCR®JIF and writes: “it is a proprietary measure run by a profit making organisation. It runs against the ethics and principles of open access.”


Q2: So, what about SCIRP’s Google-based Journal Impact Factor?
A2: There are many metrics, some of them claimed to be better than the JCR®JIF. Please find all the details in SCIRP’s Memorandum “Journal Metrics” (PDF).

The major problem with the JCR®JIF is that two things are mixed up at Thomson Reuters: Journal impact (an objective measure) and journal reputation (a highly subjective judgment). The JCR®JIF is by management decision calculated only for journals fully covered in the Web of Science (WOS). The WOS is a subscription based venture and must be limited in coverage to limit costs. Therefore, the WOS contains only “the world’s most important and influential journals” (with high reputation) because (as the WOS claims) “a relatively small number of journals publish the majority of significant scholarly results”. No matter if this is true or not, it means that all other journals are denied the possibility to measure their impact. To illustrate this, think of Olympic Games and the discipline of running the 100 m distance. Those elected to compete in the Olympic Games will get their time measured and reported on TV. The good thing in sports, this does not preclude any one else to measure and report the time when running the 100 m because everyone can own a stop watch. Not so for scientific journals. In the traditional view, all those not selected to compete are denied the “one and only stop watch”. Any publishing company who dares to measure on its own risks to be expelled.

SCIRP follows a more innovative logic. There are many algorithms available to calculate journal metrics and Google Scholar can be used to provide data for selected algorithms. SCIRP has started calculating one metric for all its journals (other metrics will follow). Scientists are used to Thomson Reuters way of calculating an impact factor. For this reason, SCIRP started applying Thomson Reuters algorithm as published in The Thomson Reuters Impact Factor (in the form as given there in Figure 3: Impact Factor excluding self-citations). This algorithm is not protected. Data is taken from Google Scholar, because it is available, has a wide coverage and is a meaningful source. Today 57 % of readers find their way to SCIRP’s articles via Google Scholar. No other open or proprietary database is directing so many readers to SCIRP’s articles. With Google’s wider coverage, the metrics calculated for a journal with Google Scholar (i.e. a 2-GJIF) will most probably yield higher numbers than the same metric calculated on the basis of WOS or Scopus and can especially not be compared with a 2-JCR®JIF calculated for another journal!

Summay: SCIPR calculates a 2-year Google-based Journal Impact Factor excluding self-citations (2-GJIF ex. self cites, in short: 2-GJIF).  Here is an example of the 2-GJIF of 5 journals with many citations: JMMCE, NS, JBiSE, IJCNS, and JWARP.


Q3: Does SCIRP follow DORA’s recommendations?

Logo - DORA
Logo – DORA

A3: Yes, SCIRP follows the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) and DORA’s recommendations for publishers:

  • Related to no 6: SCIRP does not promote the JCR®JIF. Instead SCIRP publishes an alternative 2-year Google-based journal impact factor (2-GJIF) calculated with Thomson Reuters algorithm but based on the Google Scholar’s database which is openly available. More metrics will be introduced by SCIRP in the near future.
  • Related to no 7: SCIRP offers a range of Article Level Metrics (ALM): Number of views, number of PDF downloads, number of citations on Google Scholar and number of citations on CrossRef. (See the question and answer below).
  • Related to no 8: SCIRP encourages responsible authorship practices and the provision of information about the specific contributions of each author.
  • Related to no 9: SCIRP offers the citations of each article as part of the article metadata without restrictions.
  • Related to no 10: SCIRP has no constraints on the number of references in research articles, and mandates the citation of primary literature in favor of reviews in order to give credit to the group(s) who first reported a finding.


Q4: Do SCIRP journals have their citations tracked?
A4: Yes, SCIRP journals have their citations tracked with Google Scholar. Please see our analysis from 07/2014 with an overview of 114 SCIRP journals especially strong on citations. You can find the latest analysis of citations on Google Scholar for all SCIRP journals on their journal web page. Here is an example of 5 strong journals: JMMCE, NS, JBiSE, IJCNS, and JWARP.


Q5: Are SCIRP journals indexed?
A5: Yes, our journals are indexed by many scientific databases. “Indexed” means here simply “included in the database”. The index contains the metadata of SCIRP’s articles. Most important metadata are authors, title, abstract, year of publication, and the link to the full paper at SCIRP. Each journal maintains its own list of databases where it is indexed. Please look under “Indexing” on the journal homepage. Example pages are JMMCE, NS, JBiSE, IJCNS, and JWARP. Examples of important indexing services are: EBSCO, ProQuest CSA, Index Copernicus, and CABI. Please see also SCIRP’s News articles about Indexing.


Q6: What are Article Level Metrics (ALM)?
A6: Article Level Metrics (ALM) apply traditional metrics and alternative metrics (altmetrics) at the article level.

Definitions

  • Metrics (standards of measurement) analyze entities from a data source.
  • Altmetrics (alternative metrics) are metrics based on data sources described as new, emerging, or alternative being different from traditional data sources. Altmetrics are independent of the level. They can be used on article level, on journal level, or on the level of a scholar.
  • Traditional data sources are proprietary data sources like Scopus from Elsevier and Web of Science (WOS) from Thomson Reuters.
  • Traditional metrics are for example citation counts and Impact Factor. They are evaluated based on these traditional and proprietary data sources.

Characteristics of ALM (source: SPARC)

  • ALM are an attempt to measure impact at the article level in contrast to a traditional approach measuring impact at journal level.
  • ALM offer as such a new and effective way to disaggregate an individual article’s impact from the publication in which it appears.
  • ALM provide different markers (metrics) of an article’s reach, beyond just traditional citations.
  • ALM will only be metrics not owned or controlled by any single company (like Thompson Reuters with its JCR®JIF).
  • ALM apply traditional metrics and alternative metrics (altmetrics) at the article level.
  • ALM apply „short term metrics“ (based on news coverage, blog posts, tweets, and Facebook) as well as „long term metrics“ (citations).
  • ALM have the potential to complement existing journal level metrics and add critical nuance to the tenure and promotion process.

Scholars produce artifacts. The journal article is the best known artifact, but there are many more (blog posts, books, book chapters, datasets, patents, posters. presentations, web pages …). Artifacts can be found in different data sources. Metrics are calculated based on these data sources and metrics are grouped into 5 types. (source: Plum Analytics)

There are 5 types of Article Level Metrics (source: SPARC)

  1. Citations (scholarly visibility): How many times has an article been cited? (Google, CrossRef, Scopus, WoS)
  2. Usage (scholarly visibility): How many times has an article been viewed (HTML) or downloaded (PDF) on the publisher’s site?
  3. Captures (scholarly visibility): How often has an article been bookmarked (CiteULi / Mendeley)?
  4. Mentions (social visibility): How many comments can be found? (on publisher’s site, blogs, Wikipedia)?
  5. Social Media (social visibility): What are the number of Facebook likes, shares on LinkedIn, Tweets, …?


Q7: Does SCIRP provide Article Level Metrics (ALM)?
A7: Yes, SCIRP provides 4 different metrics on article level, but follows a rather conventional approach. SCIRP provides:

  1. Views (sum of views of the article metadata page and of the article’s HTML)
  2. Downloads (of the article’s PDF)
  3. Citations on Google Scholar
  4. Citations on CrossRef Cited-by Linking (see below for more information).

The reader could also count the number of comments (with DISQUS) under the article as a 5th and alternative metric.

Example for 1 & 2 (Views & Downloads).  Example for 3 & 4 (Citations on Google Scholar & Citations on CrossRef)

Citations are downloaded for all of SCIRP’s articles and stored on the server. In this way the data is readily available for display. Data from CrossRef is update monthly. Data form Google Scholar is updated quarterly.


Q8: What is CrossRef Cited-by Linking?

Logo - CrossRef Cited-by Linking
Logo – CrossRef Cited-by Linking

A8: SCIRP participates in CrossRef Cited-by Linking. It is a service that allows us to discover how our publications are being cited. The service is built upon the CrossRef structure with DOIs. Cited-by Linking has grown steadily since its inception in 2006. It enables direct primary publisher-to-publisher linking without the use of intermediaries (like Scopus, WOS, or Google Scholar). It is not constrained by content type because CrossRef can accept reference data for journals articles, monographs, reference works, etc. It is built on top of the DOI infrastructure and, as such, is very precise. For example, it is more accurate than Google Scholar metadata. Because it is an optional service, only a subset of CrossRef members is currently participating. Therefore, CrossRef is only able to retrieve a partial list of the DOIs that actually cite the content. For this reason, CrossRef Cited-by Links are not suitable for use as a citation metric. As of July 2014, publishers participating in Cited-by Linking control roughly 40 % of the total number of DOIs deposited in CrossRef. This means 22 million articles are deposited with references.

9 Responses to SCIRP – FAQ

  1. Humaira says:

    what amount will it charge for papers published in a SCIRP journal in 2015 and any concession for Phd student ?

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  5. samantha says:

    I would like to know about the origin of this international journal since it is a requirement of my university. pls let me know the origin country of this international journal.

    Thank you
    Samanhta

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