A Novel Approach for Sugarcane Yield Prediction Using Landsat Time Series Imagery: A Case Study on Bundaberg Region

Author(s): Muhammad Moshiur Rahman, Andrew J. Robson

Quantifying sugarcane production is critical for a wide range of applications, including crop management and decision making processes such as harvesting, storage, and forward selling. This study explored a novel model for predicting sugarcane yield in Bundaberg region from time series Landsat data. From the freely available Landsat archive, 98 cloud free (<40%) Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) images, acquired between Continue reading

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Results on Pathogen Detection of Foot and Mouth Disease in Guangxi China and Analysis on Its Popular Spectrum

Author(s): Shanqiu Wei, Wenyi Dong, Guosheng Su, Qiuying Ma, Shunda Luo, Zuyan Ni

Objective: The study aims to understand the characteristics and epidemic trend of the pathogen of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Guangxi regions, China. Besides, it aims to analyze the differences of intestinal virus detection rate between anal swab and pharyngeal swab samples. Methods: Anal swab and pharyngeal swabs of suspected HFMD children were collected in our hospital from 2012 to 2015. Real-time fluorescent PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) was used to detect enterovirus 71 (EV71), coxsackie virus type 16 (CA16), and universal intestinal virus nucleic acid (EV). Composition and conversion of predominant pathogens were analyzed, and paired samples’ test results of swabs anal and pharyngeal Continue reading

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Energy Losses in Superconductors

Author(s): Charles Dean, Milind N. Kunchur

Absence of macroscopic resistance is the most essential trait of superconductors for their practical applications. Yet several mechanisms lead to dissipation in the superconducting state such as weak links, fluctuations, and the motion of flux vortices in the mixed state of type II materials. Thus it is of practical as well as fundamental interest to explore these mechanisms to the fullest extent and to learn how to control them. Regarding the control of flux motion, Continue reading

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The Art of Talc Flotation for Different Industrial Applications

Author(s): Tawfik Refaat Boulos, Suzan Sami Ibrahim, Ahmed Yehia

Talc has found a steadily increasing number of uses such as cosmetics, steatite and cordierite ceramics, for pitch control in the paper industry and as a reinforcing filler in rubber, etc. In this research, the amenability of some Egyptian carboniferous finely disseminated talc ores to beneficiation by flotation was investigated on laboratory scale. The original talc sample is characterized by low MgO content (25.40%), low SiO2 (45.71%), high CaO content (6.32%) and high L.O.I. (11.35%), indicating its low grade. Attrition scrubbing of the crushed ores Continue reading

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A Generic Graph Model for WCET Analysis of Multi-Core Concurrent Applications

Author(s):Robert Mittermayr, Johann Blieberger

Worst-case execution time (WCET) analysis of multi-threaded software is still a challenge. This comes mainly from the fact that synchronization has to be taken into account. In this paper, we focus on this issue and on automatically calculating and incorporating stalling times (e.g. caused by lock contention) in a generic graph model. The idea that thread interleavings can be studied with a matrix calculus is novel in this research area. Our sparse matrix representations of the program are manipulated using an extended Kronecker algebra. The resulting Continue reading

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Topography Measurement for Monitoring Manufacturing Processes in Harsh Conditions

Author(s): Thomas Mueller, Andreas Poesch, Eduard Reithmeier

High precision manufacturing, e.g. milling and grinding, which have manufacturing tolerances in the range of <10 μm require microscopic measurement techniques for the inspection of the manufactured components. These measurement techniques are very sensitive to cooling liquids and lubricants which are essential for many manufacturing processes. Therefore, the measurement of the components is usually conducted in separate and clean laboratories and not directly in the manufacturing machine. Continue reading

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Intensification of the Banana Drying Processes by Using EFL Electromagnetic Waves

Author(s): Arif Memmedov, Teymuraz Abbasov, Mustafa Şeker

Drying of the banana in the hot water has a negative impact on the quality of the product and drying effect. The purposes of this study are increasing the drying rate, using the relatively low temperature to improve the quality (40℃, 50℃ and 60℃) and investigate the use of electromagnetic waves to increase the drying speed. Therefore, experiments are performed using 5 kHz,10 kHz and 15 kHz low frequency electromagnetic waves in the air velocity values of 0.5 m/s, 1 m/s, 1.5 m/s and 2 m/s and 40℃, 50℃, 60℃ centigrade degrees of air blast in Continue reading

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Cloud Computing-System Implementation for Business Applications

Author(s): S. Silas Sargunam

Nowadays, companies are faced with the task of processing huge quantum of data. As the traditional database systems cannot handle this task in a cost-efficient manner, companies have built customized data processing frameworks. Cloud computing has emerged as a promising approach to rent a large IT infrastructure on a short-term pay-per-usage basis. This paper attempts to schedule tasks on compute nodes so that data sent from one node to the other has to traverse as few network switches Continue reading

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Residual Magnetic Anomalies Mapping from CHAMP Observations

Author(s): M. C. Berguig, S. Bouraoui, Y. Cohen

CHAMP high-quality vector magnetometer observations collected from July 2000 to September 2010 have been used to map the residual vector magnetic anomaly fields. This field is so called the lithospheric magnetic field which is the result of two contributions of the induced and the remanent magnetization. It is therefore essential to study the magnetic properties of the crustal rocks. Isolating this field from the other contributions, interpreting and even defining are however Continue reading

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A Novel Non-Pharmaceutical Treatment for Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment

Author(s): Christina Darviri, Chrysa Zavitsanou, Aikaterini Delikou, Aikaterini Giotaki, Artemios Artemiadis, Aspasia Terentiou, George P. Chrousos

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a pre-dementia stage. Currently, there is no evidence for long-term efficacy of pharmacological treatment for preventing conversion to clinical dementia. Healthy lifestyle modifications, cognitive training and psychosocial initiatives are strongly recommended. This was an 8-week parallel randomized two-armed study. Eligible patients were randomized to intervention and control group, with the intervention group receiving the Continue reading

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