The Development of LISTEN: A Novel Intervention for Loneliness

Author(s):Laurie A. Theeke, Jennifer A. Mallow


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the development of LISTEN (Loneliness Intervention using Story Theory to Enhance Nursing-sensitive outcomes), a new intervention for loneliness. Methods: LISTEN was developed using the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for intervention development. Extensive literature review revealed that belonging, relating, place in community, challenges, and meanings of coping were concepts significant to loneliness. Continue reading

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A Change in Bathing Style May Improve Mental Fitness

Author(s): Takaaki Kubo, Tomonori Yasuda, Yoshihisa Masumitsu, Yoshihiro Iwashita, Satoshi Watanabe, Taichi Ishizawa, Mitsuo Tsunakawa, Shingo Yano, Junichi Iimaya

Frequent bathtub bathing (BB) improves the mental health of middle-aged and older Japanese in-dividuals. This study investigated the chronic mental health effects of BB, maintaining warmth using an insulating sheet and sleeping bag after bathtub bathing (BBW), and bathtub bathing with herbal extracts (BBH) in healthy young adults. The study involved healthy young adults who habitually showered, as opposed to bathing. In the first experiment, 18 participants were randomly assigned Continue reading

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Effects of Irradiation with Light of Different Photon Densities on the Growth of Young Green Barley

Author(s): Tianxiao Meng, Eriko Nakamura, Nobuto Irino, Khem Raj Joshi, Hari Prasad Devkota, Shoji Yahara, Ryuichiro Kondo


ASL 200; (B) ASL 300; (C) R4:G1:B1 200; (D) R9:B1 200 (ΜMOL ML−2·S−1).

In recent years, young green barley has been increasingly used as a functional food ingredient. Studies have shown that cultivated young green barley has different levels of amino acids, vitamin C, and polyphenol content depending on the harvest time. Furthermore, some studies have investigated the effect of the growing conditions on cultivated barley in particular the use of light-emitting diodes (LED). Young green barley was exposed to three light sources of different wavelengths (sun light [ASL], light-emitting diode[LED] – Red 9 + Blue 1 [LED-R9:B1], LED – Red 4 + Green 1+ Blue 1 [LED-R4: G1:B1]). Under light with photon densities of 200 μmolmL-2·s-1, the dry weight of young green barley was not affected, while the differences were observed in Continue reading

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Experimental Design and Its Posterior Efficiency for the Calibration of Wearable Sensors

Author(s):Lin Ye, Steven W. Su

This paper investigates experimental design (DoE) for the calibration of the triaxial accelerometers embedded in a wearable micro Inertial Measurement Unit (μ-IMU). Firstly, a new linearization strategy is proposed for the accelerometer model associated with the so called autocalibration scheme. Then, an effective Icosahedron design is developed, which can achieve both D-optimality and G-optimality for linearized accelerometer model in ideal experimental settings. However, due to various Continue reading

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Cancers in Children Ages 8 to 12 Are Injury-Related

Author(s): Kirsten H. Walen

Cancers in young children in early growing age was a short PBS (KQED) report (11/21/2014), but without informational source, which prompted a Google search. Sports-associated injuries with medical healing treatments concluded that there were no association between these body traumas and cancer development. But there are other activities from young children, such as “dare-devil” skateboard and bicycling meter-high jumping with potential high energy falls, to serious broken-bone injuries. Falls of children are among the most common causes of US Continue reading

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How Does the Change of Carbon Dioxide Emissions Affect Transportation Productivity? A Case Study of the US Transportation Sector from 2002 to 2011

Author(s):Jaesung Choi, David C. Roberts

A variety of research fields has analyzed actual productivity change from environmental pollution through the Malmquist environmental productivity index, but to our best knowledge, no research has thus far been conducted in the transportation sector to evaluate the effects of a CO2 emissions change on actual productivity. For this reason, this study reviews how actual productivity in the US transportation sector has been affected by the CO2 emissions change for 2002-2012 and then reveals the driving forces behind it. We find that a CO2 emissions increase from 2002 to 2007 has Continue reading

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A Contribution to the Epipelic Algal Ecology in Lotic Ecosystem of Iraq

Author(s): Fikrat M. Hassan, Ali Obaid Shaawiat


CCA analysis of species—environment correlations.
CCA analysis of species—environment correlations.

The study was conducted on epipleic diatoms in a lotic ecosystem. The Al-Shamiyah River was selected which is a distance from industrial activities. Four sites along the river were selected for sampling during the period from March 2013 to February 2014. A total of 173 species of epipelic diatoms were identified. The pennate diatoms predominated and represented about 92.49% of the total diatoms, while centric diatoms formed only 7.51%. The total number of diatoms ranged between 185.1 – 422.34 cell × 104/cm2. Some of the pennate diatom species were Achnanthes affinis Grunow, Achnanthes mintussima Küetzing, Cocconeis placentula var. euglypta (Ehr.) Cleve, Cymbella affinis Küetzing, Diatoma vulgare Bory, Fragilaria capucina Desmazieres, Gomphonema angustatum var. productu Grun., Navicula lanceolata (Ag.) Kuetzing, Navicula radiosa Küetzing, Continue reading

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The Beginnings of Maritime Travel

Author(s): Robert G. Bednarik


Sea trials of the Lombok near the south coast of Flores, 14 April 2008.
Sea trials of the Lombok near the south coast of Flores, 14 April 2008.

Navigation of the sea is shown to have commenced in the order of one million years ago. The earliest evidence for it appears to be that available from Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, but seafarers colonized also numerous other islands and one continent during the Pleistocene. These early technological feats of hominins provide a reliable measure of their technological limits, and indirectly about their cognitive faculties as well. To explore these aspects, the First Mariners Project conducts numerous experiments, some of which are briefly described in this paper. The implications of its findings for the first colonization of the Americas are also considered. Continue reading

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Call For Papers—Special Issue on Disaster Psychology

PsychologyWhether you are injured physically or psychologically, disasters can take a serious emotional toll. Normal reactions include intense, unpredictable feelings; flashbacks; trouble concentrating or making decisions; disrupted eating and sleeping patterns; emotional upsets on anniversaries or other reminders; strained personal relationships; and physical symptoms such as headaches, nausea or chest pain. Emotional reactions to disasters have predictable patterns according to some researchers. Continue reading

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Change of Receptor Binding Preference of Novel Avian Origin H7N9 in China from 2013 to 2014

Author(s): Wei Hu

The advent of a novel avian origin H7N9 emerged in China in March 2013 is of major health concern, as it has little virulence in birds but can cause severe illness and death in humans. As people continue to get infected by this new virus in 2014, we need to understand the current status and trend of its evolution at the end of year 2014. The influenza viruses have two surface proteins, haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), which are involved in viral entry into and egress from the host cells respectively. Continue reading

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