The Revelation Research of Huawei Performance Management Mode to China’s Private Enterprises

Author(s): Mengmeng Shi, Zhenjian Jiang

ABSTRACT
Performance management plays a significant role in current business management. But with the changing environment and economic globalization, the competition among enterprises has become more furious than several years ago, and advanced performance management methods must be used in business management especially in human resource management field. In this paper, we try to analysis the problems existing in the performance management of China’s private enterprises currently, and then research benchmark performance management mode of Huawei and thus illuminate suggestions in view of the performance management problem of private enterprises in Chinese. We hope this article would bring in new enlightenment ways for those in trouble enterprises.

Source:

Journal: Open Access Library Journal
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103137 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72092 (metadata)

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Posted in AJIBM | 6 Comments

Perceptions and Receipt of Cancer Screening among African Americans: A Community Networks Program Project

Author(s): Sylvie A. Akohoue, Donna Kenerson, Zudi-Mwak Takizala, Katina Beard, Marilyn Burress, Helen Pinkerton, Jianguo Liu, Kushal Patel, Margaret Hargreaves

ABSTRACT
Objective: Minority groups constitute one of the nation’s highest cancer risk groups. Historically, these groups have not been adequately informed about cancer, its prevention and/or treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine participants’ receipt of cancer screening and to explore perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of cancer screening. Methods: A two-part study design consisting of a survey and focus group was conducted among African Americans residents of neighborhoods geographically defined as low-income areas of Chattanooga, Memphis, and Nashville in the state of Tennessee. The survey was administered to 1071 participants, and 12 focus groups were conducted with a total of 112 participants, with both sets of participants being residents of similarly defined underserved communities served by the community health centers. Continue reading

Posted in OJEpi | 75 Comments

Banana Peel for Acetylsalicylic Acid Retention

Author(s): Araceli Veronica F. N. Ribeiro, André Romero da Silva, Tiago Pereira da Cunha, Rowenna Tonani L. dos Santos, Jairo Pinto de Oliveira, Evaldo Vitor Pereira, Marcus Vinicius V. J. Licinio, Madson de Godoi Pereira, Arnaud Victor dos Santos, Joselito Nardy Ribeiro

ABSTRACT
A method for adsorption involving banana peel (BP) was studied to remove the pollutant acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in aqueous medium. The results show that bioadsorbent has satisfactory maximum adsorption capacity (2.29 mg/g) for removing this analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug in aqueous solution (pH 7.0) using the Langmuir mathematical model. The tested concentrations of this pollutant were higher than the levels commonly found in the aquatic environment. This and other results suggest the BP as an alternative to ASA removal in water contaminated with pharmaceuticals pollutants.

Source:

Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.712147 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72211 (metadata)

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Posted in JEP | 6 Comments

Analysis of the Influence of Heat Wave on Death among the Elderly in Nanjing City

Author(s): Xiakun Zhang, Yanyan Zhou, Ying Tian, Shuyu Zhang

ABSTRACT
To obtain the influence of heat waves on death in the elderly, the influence of the heat waves in Nanjing in the summers (from June to August) of 2005-2008 on death among the elderly was analyzed by using statistical methods including generalized additive models. The results showed that the death toll over these four summers in Nanjing tended to increase; on an average 10.76% more males died than females, and the mortality rate of old people aged ≥65 accounted for 73.21% of all deaths. The mortality rate of older people rose with increasing maximum temperature. Furthermore, the average excess mortality rate caused by heat wave weather processes was 15.91%, while it was less affected by the duration of the heat wave. The death toll of the elderly increased with the increase in humidity, dropping of atmospheric pressure, and decrease of wind speed for 1°C increase of maximum temperature. Under the same humidity condition, atmospheric pressure, and wind speed, the death toll during heat wave days was higher than that occurring on other days, and heat waves increased the risk of death among the elderly by 26.6% (95% CI: 1.100 – 1.154). Daily mortality was mainly affected by the daily maximum temperature 1, 4, or 6 days later, particularly 4 days later. Heat wave was one of the principal factors, which caused the rise in death tolls in summer, and the elderly were most affected.

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Journal: Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection
DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.411007 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72136 (metadata)

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Posted in GEP | 46 Comments

Biosorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+, Cu2+ by Four Kinds of Active Microalgae

Author(s): Fang Chen, Budan Chen, Guojuan Gan, Lin Zhang, Yan Liang, Sikai Wu

ABSTRACT
To investigate the affinity of the terrestrial microalgae to metal ions (Zn2+, Cu2+ and Ni2+) in aqueous solutions, four kinds of living algae (Oscillatoria, Botryococcus, Scenedesmus and Spirulina platensis Geitl, abbreviated as CZ, PTZ, SZ and LXZ) were chosen to biosorption experiment, and the mechanism of algae biosorption to metal ions were explored by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results show that four kinds of algae have a good affinity for Cu, Zn, the removal rate could reach more than 95%; while for Ni, compared with CZ, SZ and PTZ, the adsorption rate of LXZ is weak. The results of FTIR and SEM experiments revealed that the function groups such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, amino, sulfonic groups and so on are the main groups which played important role in the procedure of absorbing metal ions from water aqueous. Specific algae have different affinity to different metals which will be great helpful in the field of biosorption.

Source:

Journal: Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
DOI: 10.4236/msce.2016.411002 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72064 (metadata)

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Posted in MSCE | 437 Comments

Patient Experience during Hospital Stay: A Pilot Survey

Author(s): Satyanarayana V. Sagi, Cong Chen, Kyaw Z. Htun, Kalyani Puvanendrampillai, Medhavi Ratnayake, Joseph Ngwira, Jeyanthy Rajkanna, Samson O. Oyibo*

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Hospital inpatient care is provided to individuals who have a condition that requires them to stay in hospital. Patient experience is an important aspect of high-quality patient-centered care. Aim: With this pilot survey we aimed to obtain patient feedback on their experiences during their hospital stay, highlight areas of best practice and areas for improvement and provide a basis for a hospital-wide inpatient experience survey. Patients and Methods: Anonymous patient experience questionnaires were given to patients who were discharged from hospital during the month of May 2016. Patients were asked to answer 45 questions concerning their experience during hospital stay using the five-point Likert scale, and hand back the questionnaire before leaving the hospital. A suggestion box was provided for comments and suggestions for improvement. Results: Fifty-six questionnaires were handed out and 50 (from 27 males, 17 females and 6 patients who did not specify their gender) questionnaires were returned (89% response rate). Most of the responses fell within the “agree” to “strongly agree” range indicating a positive patient experience for most of the items addressed. Patients also provided useful comments and suggestions. Conclusion: Results of this survey indicate that patients generally had a positive experience during their hospital stay. This survey has revealed areas for improvement, and highlights the importance of patient experience when assessing a patient-centered service.

Source:

Journal: Health
DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.814150 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72032 (metadata)

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Posted in Health | 787 Comments

Coyote Predation Effects on White-Tailed Deer Fawns

Author(s): Lauren N. Watine, William M. Giuliano

ABSTRACT
Coyotes (Canis latrans) are a relatively new predator to the southeastern United States, and may be negatively impacting white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus; hereafter, deer) populations. Our objectives were to evaluate the impacts of coyotes on deer fawns by assessing deer fawn survival and cause-specific mortality, and gain an understanding of factors affecting fawn survival and coyote predation. We captured and radio collared 30 fawns in the Red Hills region of Florida and Georgia, USA (2012-2013). Fawns were monitored for 12 weeks for survival and cause-specific mortality, and we quantified habitat and environmental characteristics of birth sites. Predation (n = 19; 95%) was the leading cause of fawn mortality (n = 20; 67%), with coyote predation (n = 14; 74%) being the most important type of predation. Survival rates for all fawns were greater (P = 0.048) where coyotes were removed compared to non-removal sites, with 50% and 25% of fawns surviving to 12 weeks on coyote-removal and non-removal sites, respectively. Continue reading

Posted in NR | 1,435 Comments

Indoor Air Environment—Hygienic Factors and Limits

Author(s): Thomas Alsmo

Abstract
Complaints on the indoor environment of the residents in recent decades have become
a common problem in the Swedish housing. The buildings themselves are said
to be the cause of problems, and it is given a vague picture of both the exposure and
the effect of the problems. The symptoms that residents and users state are often
common in the population such as headache, fatigue, mucosal disorders and skin
problems. It must be considered that the air that people routinely inhale contains
impurities of various kinds, both in- and outdoors. An important source of contamination
indoors is the microorganisms that are pathogenic, so called agents. Examples
of infectious agents are viruses, fungi, bacteria and protozoa. The purpose of this
project is to examine whether a physical measurement is possible to obtain for identifying
a possible threshold level of air pollution in the indoor environment. In this
study, carried out through physical measurements, the results show major deficiencies
in the Swedish school environment. If we study the emissions in the important
health-related size range of particles larger than 5.0 microns, before and after measures,
the environmental benefits are clarified since over 90% of contaminants larger
than 5.0 microns have been eliminated.

Source:

Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.712140 (PDF)
Paper Id: 71990 (metadata)

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Posted in JEP | 1,090 Comments

Magic Mushrooms: Screening for Novel Biocatalysts in the Phylum Basidiomycota

Author(s): Christoph Loderer, Marion B. Ansorge-Schumacher

ABSTRACT
The ascending application of enzymes in organic synthesis creates a growing demand for novel biocatalysts. The applied methods for their identification range from microbial enrichment cultures over metagenome screenings to solely computational methods. In this communication, we demonstrate a straightforward screening approach for the detection of novel biocatalysts in fungi belonging to the phylum Basidiomycota. It basically relies on mincing of the whole fruit bodies of freshly collected mushrooms with subsequent direct screening. Suitability was demonstrated with eight different mushrooms which were investigated for carbonyl reductase activity on sterically demanding carbonyl compounds. The results indicate the presence of potentially useful carbonyl reductases (KREDs) in all tested fungi. Closer characterization of the preparation from pigskin poison puffball (Scleroderma citrinum) showed the presence of KRED exhibiting a broad substrate range. Thus, applicability of this low-tech screening approach could be verified in this study.

Source:

Journal: Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology
DOI: 10.4236/abb.2016.711043 (PDF)
Paper Id: 71919 (metadata)

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Posted in ABB | 1,056 Comments

Experimental Study on the Effect of Humidification on the Pollution Characteristics of Particulate Matter in the Office

Author(s): Yuefen Gao, Shanshan Nan, Guozhong Zheng, Tingting Gao

ABSTRACT
Indoor air quality has a direct impact on human health. Indoor air quality has aroused great concern. This experimental study compares the effects of different water humidification on the indoor particulate pollution characteristics, and analyzes the mass concentration and the particulate number concentration distribution of different sizes of particulates with time under each condition of the purified water humidification, the tap water humidification and the cold boiled water humidification in the office. The results show that under the three kinds of wetting conditions, the concentration of the fine particulates is higher. More minerals are contained in the tap water and the cold boiled water, so the two kinds of humidification have more significant impact on indoor particulate matter. But the purified water humidification has nearly no significant effect on it. The calcium and magnesium ionic compounds are partly removed after the water boiled, so the cold boiled water humidification has less impact on the indoor particulate matter than the tap water humidification. The mass concentration and particulate number concentration of the particle may also be affected due to the frequency of ultrasonic vibration.

Source:

Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.712143 (PDF)
Paper Id: 71993 (metadata)

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Posted in JEP | 967 Comments