The Client Attachment to Therapist Scale (CATS) in a Greek Clinical Population: A Validation Study

Authors: Vasilik Yotsidi, Christos Pezirkianidis, Eirini Karakasidou,
Anastassios Stalikas

Client attachment to therapist has been long considered a prominent process variable in psychotherapy research. The purpose of this study was to translate in Greek and evaluate the structure, reliability, convergent and discriminant validity of the well-known and widely administered Client Attachment to Therapist Scale (CATS) with exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in a clinical sample of 153 clients of different treatment modalities and at different agencies. The results indicated that the EFA resulted in a model almost identical to the Mallinckrodt, Gantt and Coble’s [1] original model after the deletion of six items. Moreover, the findings indicated adequate internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity of the three factors. Normalized scores were provided to help mental health professionals interpret the scale scores. In conclusion, CATS is a valid and reliable tool to measure client attachment to therapist, whose use can promote psychotherapeutic process and outcome. Thus, more validation studies should be conducted in several cultural contexts to better understand its structure and psychometric characteristics.


Journal: Open Journal of Medical Psychology
DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2018.74006 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86438 (metadata)

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Development of Charging Infrastructure and Subsidies for Promoting Electric Vehicles

Author: Kiyoshi Arakawa

This paper clarifies an effect of policy on the development of charging infrastructure and subsidies for promoting electric vehicles (EVs). Due to the long-term function of charging infrastructure, this paper constructs a multiple-period model to analyze policy effects on the diffusion of EVs from a long-term perspective. This paper shows that charging infrastructure and subsidy encourage innovation on increasing the battery capacity of EVs. Because intertemporal cost allocation can be executed in the development of a charging infrastructure with a subsidy, a policy with a long-term perspective can enhance the charging infrastructure and promote EVs effectively.


Journal: Theoretical Economics Letters
DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.811131 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86427 (metadata)

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A Novel Process Using Ion Exchange Resins for the Coproduction of Ethyl and Butyl Acetates

Authors: Nydia Ileana Guzmán Barrera, Cécile Bories, Jérôme Peydecastaing,
Caroline Sablayrolles, Emeline Vedrenne, Carlos Vaca-Garcia, Sophie Thiebaud-Roux

Before proposing an innovative process for the coproduction of ethyl and butyl acetates, the individual syntheses of ethyl acetate and butyl acetate by two different routes were first studied. These syntheses involved the reaction of ethanol or n-butanol with acetic acid or acetic anhydride in the presence of ion exchange resins: Amberlyst 15, Amberlyst 16, Amberlyst 36 and Dowex 50WX8. Kinetic and thermodynamic studies were performed with all resins. The lowest activation energy (Ea) value was obtained with Dowex 50WX8, which was identified as the best-performing resin, able to be reused at least in four runs without regeneration. The presence of water-azeotropes during the synthesis of ethyl acetate makes its purification difficult. A new strategy was adopted here, involving the use of ethanol and acetic anhydride as the starting material. In order to minimize acetic acid as co-product of this reaction, a novel two-step process for the coproduction of ethyl and butyl acetates was developed. The first step involves the production of ethyl acetate and its purification. Butyl acetate was produced in the second step: n-butanol was added to the mixture of acetic acid and the resin remaining after the first-step distillation. This process yields ethyl acetate and butyl acetate at high purity and shows an environmental benefit over the independent syntheses by green metrics calculation and life cycle assessment.


Journal: Green and Sustainable Chemistry
DOI: 10.4236/gsc.2018.83016 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86403 (metadata)

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Multiple Architectural Approach for Urban Development Using Wearable IoT Devices: A Combined Machine Learning Approach

Authors: Raghu T Mylavarapu, Bharadwaja Krishnadev Mylavarapu

Machine Learning becomes a part of our life in recent days and everything we do in interlinked with machine learning. As a technocrat, we tried to implement machine learning with Internet of Things (IoT) for better implementation of technology in organizations for security. We designed an sample architecture which will carry the burden of safeguarding the organizational data with IoT using machine learning with an effective manner and in this case we were proposing utilization of cloud computing for better understanding of data storage and retrieval process. Machine learning is used for the prediction models based on which we need to perform high level analysis of data and using IoT we promote authorization mechanism based on which we recognize the appropriate recipient of data and cloud for managing the data services with the three-tier architecture. We present the architecture we are proposing for better utilization of machine learning and IoT with cloud architecture.


Journal: Advances in Internet of Things
DOI: 10.4236/ait.2018.83003 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86369 (metadata)

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Different Rationales of Coalition Formation and Incentives for Strategic Voting

Authors: Eric Linhart, Johannes Raabe

Research on strategic voting has mainly focused on electoral system effects but largely neglected the impact of different rationales of coalition formation. Based on a formal model of rational party choice and a simulation study, we systematically investigate this impact and explore the implications. We show that the logic of the underlying coalition formation procedure clearly affects the degree to which the electorate is exposed to strategic incentives regarding the vote choice. The key implications are that sincere voting is more often in the voter’s best interest if parties are policy-seeking and if there is increased uncertainty during the stage of coalition formation. Furthermore, we explore how different types of coalition formation affect strategic incentives across the policy space.


Journal: Applied Mathematics
DOI: 10.4236/am.2018.97058 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86292 (metadata)

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Universal Health Coverage: Factoring Successful Economies

Authors: Prerna Bhasin1, Rakesh Bhardwaj

Countries are seeking to diversify sources of revenue for Universal Health Coverage (UHC), and strategies vary among countries at different stages on the road to UHC. The study tends to document these trade-offs by factoring successful economies across the globe. A review of peer-reviewed literature retrieved country-wise on the basis of successful UHC economies to establish the major factor associated with development of UHC. Political will has been recognized as one of the critical factors. Overcoming barriers associated with development of an adequate and sustainable financing mechanism and selecting the right package of services are other essential determinants. Reaching vulnerable groups and efficient use of resources were other factors that contributed to UHC development in Mexico and south-east Asian countries. UHC development is at threshold where nations should learn from one another, especially from those systems which appear to be doing better, and are more prepared to innovate, test and evaluate new approaches.


Journal: Health
DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.107076 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86241


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Observation of Phase-Locked States in the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO)

Author: David Holmes Douglass

We report that the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) shows the same phase-locked states of period 2 and 3 years that have been reported in many other climate indices. In addition, we find that the report by Muller, Curry et al. of an oscillation in the AMO of 9.1 years is a misinterpretation of a maximum in the Fourier spectrum.


Journal: Atmospheric and Climate Sciences
DOI: 10.4236/acs.2018.83023 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86214 (metadata)

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Analysis of Spectral Signatures of Silicone-Based Sealant Materials Used in Residential and Commercial Buildings

Authors: Aschalew Kassu, Carlton Farley III, Jonathan Mills, Anup Sharma

In the construction industry, silicone is primarily used as sealant material to fill gaps and cracks providing water and air-tightness to vertical construction projects reducing energy usage bills and enhancing the integrity of construction materials. This paper reports the results of spectral analysis of commonly used building sealant materials used in residential and commercial buildings. A dozen commercially available silicone-based sealant materials composed of different ingredients representing three manufacturer brands are characterized using Raman and UV-VIS-NIR spectroscopic techniques. The characteristic vibrational fingerprints of the selected sealant materials are summarized, and the Raman and reflectance spectra of the samples are also presented. It is observed that most of the samples appear to have similar vibrational band assignments and reflectance spectra. However, analysis of the Raman spectral positions and the reflectance spectra reveals that there are distinct differences among the sealant materials.


Journal: Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research
DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2018.63008 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86178 (metadata)

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A Method of Cognitive Training of Medical Students and Residents

Authors: Bobby Desai, Alpa Desai

Beginning learners in medicine face a daunting challenge of utilizing information gained in the first two years of medical school in a clinical setting in the latter half of their medical school and into residency. Constant interruptions and lack of knowledge are but two of the factors that may hamper the early clinician’s ability to safely and efficiently care for patients. Thus, a system that organizes thought into specific compartments—compartmentalization may benefit the learner by separating tasks into smaller, more specific objectives to complete prior to moving on in the diagnostic algorithm. Developing a system that utilizes compartmentalization may ease the transition into clinical practice using simple and effective tools that allow the beginning physician to mitigate the invariable distractions and interruptions that occur daily to allow for the safe practice of medicine.


Journal: Creative Education
DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.99102 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86160 (metadata)

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Electroencephalographic Findings after Eslicarbazepine Therapy in Focal Epileptic Syndrome Patients

Authors: Gabriel Salazar, Marta Fragoso, Javier Codas

The efficacy and the tolerance of the AEDs have been extensibly studied in the past, however the effects of them on the EEG activity of epileptic patients have been scarcely studied. Eslicarbazepine is a third generation blocker-sodium channels AED associated with a high reduction in the rate of partial seizures in epileptic patients. We designed an open label, non control study to determine the effects of Eslicarbazepine on the EEG activity of EP with focal seizures in a 12-week follow up. The EP with focal paroxystical activity enrolled in this study showed a statistical significant reduction in the rate of monthly seizures when Eslicarbazepine 800 mgs was added to a previous AED compared to those patients who only received an increase of the AED in monotherapy, concomitantly, EP treated with ESL added to a previous AED showed a statistically significant reduction in the mean occipital frequency and voltage amplitude in the central and parietal regions in the twelfth-week EEG compared to the control group.


Journal: World Journal of Neuroscience
DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2018.83027 (PDF)
Paper Id: 86093 (metadata)

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