Authors: Tateki Yamane, Akira Umeda, Hitoshi Shimao
Although the incidence of postbulbar duodenal ulcers is low, many complications occur, such as hemorrhage, stenosis and perforation, and there are many points to be paid attention to with regard to its pathology. A high acid level has been pointed out as a cause, but this is not conclusive, and its association with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is also unclear. We investigated chronic cases excluding acute cases such as acute duodenal mucosal lesion we encountered between 2001 and 2015. Five cases corresponded, accounting for 1.4% of all chronic duodenal ulcer cases, and there were more male patients (four patients were male), as previously reported. All cases were solitary punched-out ulcer on the medial side near the superior duodenal flexure, and many complications were observed such as melena in all patients, narrowing in 2, and penetration in 1. No specific pathology, such as Crohn’s disease, vasculitis, or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, was noted, no patient was previously medicated with NSAIDs or low dose aspirin, and 3 patients were infected with Hp. All cases were healed by proton pump inhibitor administration or gastric acid secretion-suppressing treatment with selective proximal vagotomy. Recurrence after Hp eradication occurred in all of the 3 Hp-infected patients, suggesting that involvement of Hp in the cause of disease is unlikely.
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