eciphering the Risk Factors of Autism: Are We There Yet?

Author(s): Rasheeba Nizam, Suad Al Fadhli

Background: Autism represents a group of developmental disorder that pose a major challenge to world-wide societies and healthcare providers with limited diagnostics and medical cure. It is widely been considered as a mental disorder characterized by speech deficit and repetitive behavior. The presumed etiology of autism involves genetic, immunologic, intestinal and synaptic irregularities, aside from environmental toxicities. Yet, the prospective factor that triggers or predominates autism remains barely understood. Objective: Herein we aim to review the literature to identify the risk factors associated with the development of autism and the need to investigate the underlying pathological events. Continue reading

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Impact of Personality Traits on Compulsive Buying Behavior: Mediating Role of Impulsive Buying

Author(s): Kiran Shehzadi, Muhammad Ahmad-ur-Rehman, Anam Mehmood Cheema, Alishba Ahkam

The prime purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality traits and compulsive buying behavior with mediating role of impulsive buying. By using quantitative research approach, convenience sampling method is selected. Data are collected by using previously established scales. Correlation coefficient and multiple regressions are applied to analyze directions and strength of relationship between variables. According to results agreeableness, neuroticism and openness to experience are three personality traits that are related with compulsive buying with mediating role of impulsive buying. The present study is useful for policy makers, consumers and for society at large. In addition, this investigation provides a starting point for future research with comprehensive theoretical framework.


Journal: Journal of Service Science and Management
DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.95046 (PDF)
Paper Id: 71267 (metadata)

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Posted in JSSM | Tagged , | 1 Comment

The Influence of the Psychological Distance between Family Members on Personality Formation

Author(s): Fumihiro Omasu, Yuuki Ogawa, Yuka Sugiura, Mami Hamamoto

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the family relationships recognized by children and mental health after becoming adults, with emphasis on the forms of recognition from the viewpoint of children. It consisted of an anonymous questionnaire survey using a multiple-choice and fill-in-the-answer format among 451 university students as the subjects. The questionnaire included an investigation into the gender, family relationship from the higher grades of elementary school to secondary school, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and the tendency towards depression and anxiety of the subjects. Continue reading

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Toyota’s Slow Response to Manufacturing Defects Leading to Recalls: Result of Poor Communication Strategy

Author(s): Oyinkepreye L. Bebeteidoh, Stephen A. Takim

The recall of vehicles in the automobile industry is not limited to any particular company. Recalls most often have been attributed to defective parts supplied by tier one and tier two suppliers. Toyota, a world leader in the manufacture of automobiles, built on world class corporate brand and Principles known as the Toyota Way, and located in about 53 countries in the world, with most of its production taking place in the North America and Japan. Its Communication strategy leading to recalls has brought it into conflict with its customers and regulatory agencies. Toyota’s seeming departure from its core principles in the Toyota Way has also brought it into conflict with suppliers and affected its production. Answers will be sought for the following research questions: 1) Why with its Toyota Way, Communication became a challenge for Toyota? 2) What is the role of the Media, in Toyota’s issues of recall? A detailed literature survey was conducted for Toyota’s communication strategy. A dialectic inquiry was used to analyse the acquired data, from interviews conducted.


Journal: Journal of Transportation Technologies
DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2016.65034 (PDF)
Paper Id: 71239 (metadata)

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The Relation of Sleep, Distress, and Coping Strategies—What Male and Female Students Can Learn from Each Other?

Author(s): Jasmin Faber, Angelika A. Schlarb

Sleep quality, distress, and coping strategies differ between male and female students. However, effects of gender on their relation have not been evaluated. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to confirm gender differences on sleep quality, chronic distress, and various coping strategies, as well as to examine gender differences in their relation to each other. A cross-sectional online study including several sleep-related self-report measures was completed by 6379 German students. After excluding all cases with missing data on the variables gender, psychiatric disorder, and medication, the final sample consisted of 5889 students with a mean age of 23.10 years (SD = 2.67) for men and 22.64 years (SD = 2.56) for women. Data from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress, and the Proactive Coping Inventory were analyzed. Continue reading

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“With This Disease, You Take Whatever Chances There Are”—A Study on Socio-Cultural and Psychological Aspects of Experiments Regarding Huntington’s Disease

Author(s): Susanne Lundin, Eva Torkelson, Marsanna Petersen

Although relatively rare, Huntington’s disease (HD) has fatal consequences. There is no cure for the disease, which leads to an early death. Worldwide, scientists are trying to develop therapeutic methods that could cure the disease, including new molecular gene therapeutic methods. At Lund University, research on HD is now about to step from animal models to trials with humans. The project is special in its design since it involves both medical studies and socio-cultural and psychological research to explore and meet the many challenges that experimental trials with HD patients give rise to. The aim of the present study was to investigate the viewpoints of individuals affected by HD on the issues of participation and exerting influence if taking part in a medical study on gene therapy that has not previously been tested on humans. A total of 16 participants, recruited through the national association for HD and through the neurological clinic at Lund University in Sweden, took part in a focus group or in a survey study. A thematic analysis, to explore the transcribed text from the focus groups as well as from the written mail responses, was conducted by means of Nvivo, a program for qualitative data analysis. Continue reading

Posted in OJMP | 4 Comments

The Idea of Perfect Man

Author(s): Mohammad Reza Najjarian


Different religions have one belief in common in that man is not self-existent. It means that his life is basically dependent on an independent central power. This concept was suggested by early religions in the form of the belief that nature has powers, but more advanced religions have a belief in a metaphysical being, who is the creator of the world. Besides human desire for perfection is a common subject that connects different religions to each other although there exist various interpretations about perfection and perfect man. The basis of the western new thought is humanism, in which human is a self-centered one and is not dependent on any greater force; however, in the eastern thought, man and the world are under God’s centrality, moving toward a spiritual goal and a superior world. Continue reading

Posted in OJPP | 1 Comment

Improvement and Innovation Analysis of China Special Express Mode—The Campus Express

Author(s): Xiuli Tang, Fangwen Yang, Rui Wang

This paper analyzes the current situation of the Campus Express mode through the quantitative and qualitative methods to find the deficiencies in the existing model, and puts forward the improvement of the existing Campus Express mode. A new sorting method is adopted in the Campus unified distribution center for improving picking efficiency and solving the problem of “door-to-door” service. At the same time, the Platform of Campus Express—named “Crowdsourcing Express” mode is created, so that everyone can be involved in the activities of Campus Express. The plant can not only provide a better logistics service, but also combine commerce activities with Campus Express.


Journal: Modern Economy
DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.79102

Paper Id: 70000 (metadata)

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Posted in ME | Tagged | 2 Comments

Solar versus Non-Solar Urine Diversion Dehydration Toilets—Evaluation of Temperatures inside the Vaults of Different UDDT Systems

Author(s): Constanze Windberg, Ralf Otterpohl

The Urine Diverting Dehydration Toilet (UDDT) is one of a wide range of technologies Ecological Sanitation (Ecosan) offers. A commonly used type is the so called solar UDDT, constructed with inclined vault doors or panels which are usually made from black iron sheets to increase the temperature inside the vaults and therefore would facilitate dehydration and hygienisation. The study aims to give recommendations on the most appropriate system by comparing solar and non-solar UDDT systems. Existing building standards for UDDTs were reviewed, 133 UDDT sites visited and a comparative temperature study of the temperature inside the vaults of different UDDT systems carried out. The temperature study needed to assess if solar UDDTs would actually succeed in raising the temperature inside the vault. Programmed temperature loggers were placed in the vaults of solar and non-solar UDDTs. Continue reading

Posted in JEP | 32 Comments

The Effectiveness of Anger Management Training on Decreasing the Anger of Unsupervised Girl Adolescents

Author(s): Tayebeh Mokhber, Abbas Masjedi, Maryam Bakhtiari

This study aims to study the effectiveness of anger management training on decreasing anger of unsupervised girl adolescents aged 15 – 18 years old of Tehran. This research was an experimental one with plan of pre-test-post-test control group. The statistical universe of this research consisted of all unsupervised girl adolescents aged 15 – 18 years old of Tehran. The sample was 24 unsupervised girl adolescents identified from girls assigned to the two groups: experimental group and control group. Data were collected using the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-2). Analysis of variance with repeated measure showed that the anger management training significantly decreased anger in the experimental group (P < 0.01). This finding has important implications as regards the education and mental health of adolescents.


Journal: Open Journal of Medical Psychology
DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2016.54008 (PDF)
Paper Id: 71057 (metadata)

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Posted in OJMP | 5 Comments