Author(s)：Hom Nath Chalise
Why is Depression an Important Public Health Issues for Elderly?
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being. Depressed people can feel sad, anxious, empty, hopeless, helpless, worthless, guilty, irritable, hurt, or restless. Population ageing is the worldwide issue of important itself in 21st century. Depression is a common public health issue with the increasing life expectancy worldwide and many research shows depression is associated with morbidity as well as disability among the elderly.
In Hom Nath Chalises’ Research from Department of Public Health at Asian College for Advance Studies, Purbanchal University, published in Advances in Aging Research by Scientific Research Publishing. Aging is no more the agenda of developed countries only, now the challenge of ageing management is also in today’s developing countries. With the increasing influence of western culture and modernization the traditional joint family system is deteriorating and elderly are forced to live in the old age home. But this study found the prevalence of depression among elderly living in old age home was 57.8%. Among them 46.7% had mild, 8.9% had moderate and 2.2% had severe depression. A statistically significant correlation was found between feelings of depression and age, sex, previous family type, ethnicity, feeling of loneliness and instrumental activities of daily living. Regression analysis shows that women, feeling lonely and high dependency in IADL were predictors of depression.
This study indicates that many elderly living in the old-age-home are suffering from depression. Therefore we must recognize that there should be some interruption from the concerned authorities so that depression can be reduced which will support to the well-being and quality of life of elderly.
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