Authors: Jabrane Maissara, Halima Karym, Mohammed El Mahi Chbihi,
Mohammed Moutaabbid, Mohamed Abatal, Said Benmokhtar
This work aims to characterize and determine the dehydroxylation enthalpy variations of two natural Moroccan clays from the Nador region (denoted K1) and the Settat region (denoted by K2). The variations of dissolution enthalpies were determined by dissolving clays in hydrofluoric acid. They have a minimum value for dehydroxylation of clays made between 600°C and 700°C. The analysis of the two clays shows that they consist of kaolinite in significant proportion. The optimum calcination parameters, for which dehydroxylation is total, are 700°C with a heating time of 6 H. The conversion of the kaolinite to metakaolinite was confirmed by IR analyses of the starting and thermally treated kaolin samples. The result confirms previous observations about obtaining metakaolinite with optimum reactivity when hydrated with calcium hydroxide as chemical activator.
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