Effects of Elasticity on Wall Shear Stress in Patient-Specific Aneurysm of Cerebral Artery

Authors: Ryuhei Yamaguchi, Taihei Kotani, Gaku Tanaka, Simon Tupin, Kahar Osman, Nadia Shaira Shafii, Ahmad Zahran Md Khudzari, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Hitomi Anzai, Atsushi Saito, Makoto Ohta

ABSTRACT
The behavior of wall shear stress (WSS) was previously reported in a deformable aneurysm model using fluid-structure interactions. However, these findings have not been validated. In the present study, we examined the effect of elasticity (i.e., deformation) on wall shear stress inside a cerebral aneurysm at the apex of a bifurcation using particle image velocimetry in vitro. The flow model simulated a human patient-specific aneurysm at the apex of the bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery. Flow characteristics by wall elasticity were examined for both elastic and non-deformable aneurysm models with pulsatile blood flow. The absolute temporally- and spatially-averaged WSS along the bleb wall was smaller in the elastic model than that in the non-deformable model. This small WSS may be related to attenuation of the WSS. Further, the WSS gradient had a finite value near the stagnation point of the aneurysm dome. Finally, the WSS gradient near the stagnation point was slightly smaller in the elastic model than that in the non-deformable model. These data suggest that elasticity of the aneurysm wall can affect the progression and rupture of aneurysms via hemodynamic stress.

Source:

Journal: Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization
DOI: 10.4236/jfcmv.2019.72006(PDF)
Paper Id: 90571 (metadata)

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