Study of Microbiological Quality along the Water Chain in Belbedji in the Republic of Niger

Authors: Salifou Issa, Daouda Mama, Adamou Zanguina, Ibrahim Natatou,
Mousa Boukari, Dominique Sohounhloué

This work deals with the microbiological study along the water chain in Belbedji, a local government in the northwest of the Zinder region in the Republic of Niger. For this study, two (2) standpipes, thirty (30) families and ninety (90) samples were selected in order to follow the variation of water microbiological quality. For that the parameters studied are the total coliforms, the fecal coliforms and the E. coli. From these parameters we calculated the indication or the index of the microbiological quality (MQI) by the method of Bovesse and Depelchin, 1980. The variations of the fecal contamination at the level of the families in the different phases are represented on maps. At the water marker, 100% of families have good microbiological quality. After the transport of water, on 3.33% of the families the quality of the water deteriorated. After water storage, 16.66% of families had deteriorated water quality, with the passage of fecal contamination from zero to low on 13.33% of families, and fecal contamination from zero to moderate 3.33% of families.


Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2017.87049 (PDF)
Paper Id: 77289 (metadata)

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