Atypical Variations of Water Conductivity Prior to Tectonic Earthquakes

Author(s): Fidel Martínez-García, Arturo Colín-Cruz, Salvador Adame-Martínez, Jorge J. Ramírez-García

ABSTRACT

Study area location of the monitoring sites. Seismic events used corresponded to 241: 25 events for “Teoixtla”, 9 events for “Los Manantiales,” 101 events for “Cistern”, and 106 events for “Corralero”.
Study area location of the monitoring sites. Seismic events used corresponded to 241: 25 events for “Teoixtla”, 9
events for “Los Manantiales,” 101 events for “Cistern”, and 106 events for “Corralero”.

Within the framework of precursor events related to earthquakes, this paper analyzes the possible effect on the aquatic environment of the surrounding energy that accompanies earthquakes, particularly in the area where oceanic and continental plates collide (Cocos Plate and North American Plate, south of Mexico). As a preamble, the types of precursor events, characteristics, and their possible origin are described. A project was designed under the assumption that in areas with high frequency and intensity seismicity there is an electrical and electromagnetic potential promoter which is detectable and assessable indirectly by measuring water conductivity behavior, which also may have atypical variations of data; the outcome of intensive conductivity monitoring in different settings, natural as well as manmade (wellsprings, artesian well and a cistern), are presented herein. The results of the conductivity monitoring for seven months, highlight two patterns in data behavior: one pattern shows the subtle dependence of data behavior on the geographic location of data monitoring instruments, revealing that could have a slight relationship between areas with increased seismic frequency and intensity and the presence of atypical conductivity variations. Another pattern reveals the possible relationship between atypical variations in conductivity and subsequent earthquake events; a total of 241 seismic events were analyzed and 59 of them are provided as evidence related with patterns mentioned.

Source:

Journal: International Journal of Geosciences
DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2015.612108 (PDF)
Paper Id: 62347 (metadata)

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