Authors: Weiwei Dong, Yong Wang, Lin Zhou, Kanghua Cao, Haiming Li
At present, DL/T 645-2007 communication protocol is used to collect data for smart meters. However, in the beginning, this protocol is not designed to be a secure protocol and only the function and reliability were taken into account. Plaintext is used in the protocol for data transmission, as a result, attackers can easily sniff the information and cause information leakage. In this paper, man-in-the-middle attack was used to verify that the smart meter data acquisition process was vulnerable when facing third-party attacks, and this can result in data eavesdropping. In order to resist such risks and prevent information being eavesdropped, a real ammeter communication experimental environment was built, it realized two-way identity authentication between data acquisition center and ammeter data center. At the same time, RSA (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman) was used to encrypt the meter data, which encrypted the collection, storage process of meter data and ensured the confidentiality and integrity of the meter data transmission. Compared with other methods, this method had obvious advantages. The analysis showed that this method can effectively prevent the data of smart meters from being eavesdropped.
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