Experimental Investigation of Laser Welding Process in Overlap Joint Configuration

Authors: Kamel Oussaid, Abderrazak El Ouafi, Ahmed Chebak

This paper presents an experimental investigation of laser overlap welding of low carbon galvanized steel. Based on a structured experimental design using the Taguchi method, the investigation is focused on the evaluation of various laser welding parameters effects on the welds quality. Welding experiments are conducted using a 3 kW Nd:YAG laser source. The selected laser welding parameters (laser power, welding speed, laser fiber diameter, gap between sheets and sheets thickness) are combined and used to evaluate the variation of three geometrical characteristics of the weld (penetration depth, bead width at the surface and bead width at the interface). Various improved statistical tools are used to analyze the effects of welding parameters on the variation of the weld quality and to identify the possible relationship between these parameters and the geometrical characteristics of the weld. The results reveal that the reached hardness values are similar for all the experimental tests and all welding parameters are relevant to the weld quality with a relative predominance of laser power and welding speed. The effect of the gap is relatively limited. The investigation results reveal also that there are many options to consider for building an efficient welds quality prediction model. Results achieved using an artificial neural network based simplified model provide an indication of the prediction model performances.


Journal: Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
DOI: 10.4236/msce.2019.73002(PDF)
Paper Id: 91438 (metadata)

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