Musical and Photographic Stimulations on the Symptomatology of Alzheimer’s Disease in Elderly

Authors: Jamylly Ferreira Targino Silva, Mayara Leite Alves da Silva,
Maykon Wanderley Leite Alves-da-Silva, Douglas Nijenhuis de Castro,
Euclides Maurício Trindade Filho, Janise Dal Pai, Lysien Ivania Zambrano,
Valtuir Barbosa Felix, Elionai Dias Soares, Camila Conceição Luz Soares,
Albérico José de Moura Saldanha Filho, Magnúcia de Lima Leite,
Emanuel Guilherme de Almeida Carvalho, Matheus Santos Freitas, José Claudio da Silva

ABSTRACT
Background: Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive and neurodegenerative disorder characterized by deterioration of brain functions. Psychosocial interventions such as music and photographic stimuli may contribute to cognitive and sensory exercise or rehabilitation. Objective: Evaluate musical and photographic stimuli in elderly people with Alzheimer’s disease. Methods: It is an uncontrolled clinical trial, before-after type, eleven subjects composing the sample. Participants were submitted to Katz Index, Autobiographical Memory Test, GDS-15, Mini-Mental State Examination. The collection instruments were used on the first and last day of intervention, individually. There were 2 sessions in the week with duration of 50 minutes totaling 20 sessions. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics and as variables expressed as mean standard deviation. Results: There was a significant effect of cognitive activity (P < 0.01), it was observed that a small advance (P = 0.05) of the daily life activities. With the analysis of GDS-15, it is verified that they are more effective for the increase of the previous self-estimation of the therapy (P = 0.94). In the application of the AMT, it is observed that there was a better recruitment of the memory for the neutral words. Conclusion: Musical and photographic stimuli had a positive effect on the cognitive level, daily life activities and autobiographical memory in seniors with Alzheimer’s disease.

Source:

Journal: World Journal of Neuroscience
DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2020.104017 (PDF)
Paper Id: 103972 (metadata)

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