Identification of MicroRNA-Like Molecules Derived from the Antigenome RNA of Hepatitis C Virus: A Bioinformatics Approach

Author(s) : Juan Cristina, Ricardo Recarey

ABSTRACT
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNA molecules that play important roles in the regulation of gene expression of the cell. Recent studies have described cytoplasmic RNA virus genome- derived miRNAs. Moreover, miRNAs have also been encountered in the reverse strand of the viral mRNA, revealing the presence of miRNAs in replication intermediaries. In order to get insight into the possible role of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) antigenome in relation to miRNA coding, we computationally identified potential miRNAs on the antigenome of HCV reference strain H77. By utilizing a series of bioinformatics tools, we identified a miRNA present in the antigenomeof HCV H77 strain. This miRNA maps in the 5’non-translated region (5’UTR) of the HCV genome and is found to be conserved among HCV genotypes and sub-types. In silico target prediction generated 17 cellular genes. These potential targets are involved in apoptosis as well as immune response pathways, suggesting that they could play a role in the pathogenesis caused by viral infection. The results of these studies revealed the presence of a viral miRNA in the negative-sense RNA strand used as a replication template for the HCV genome, as observed for other RNA viruses.

Source:

Journal: Natural Science
DOI: 10.4236/ns.2016.84021

(PDF)
Paper Id: 65383 (metadata)

See also: Comments to Paper

About scirp

(SCIRP: http://www.scirp.org) is an academic publisher of open access journals. It also publishes academic books and conference proceedings. SCIRP currently has more than 200 open access journals in the areas of science, technology and medicine. Readers can download papers for free and enjoy reuse rights based on a Creative Commons license. Authors hold copyright with no restrictions. SCIRP calculates different metrics on article and journal level. Citations of published papers are shown based on Google Scholar and CrossRef. Most of our journals have been indexed by several world class databases. All papers are archived by PORTICO to guarantee their availability for centuries to come.
This entry was posted in NS and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.