Shingles and Pericarditis: A Rare Combination

Author(s): Rakan M. Nasreddine:, Chirine A. Mollaei, Joudy N. Bahous, Eid E. Azar, Claude M. Afif

Clinical infection with varicella in both its’ forms, primary and reactivation, can be associated with a variety of complications. Cardiac complications, though very rare, have been associated with the primary form of varicella zoster and as such should be recognized in order to initiate early treatment and prevent morbidity and mortality. However, cardiac complications have not been described in Continue reading

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Viewing the Future of Nuclear Power Plants Following the 2011 Disaster in Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant

Author(s): Shervin Goudarzi, Fatemeh Dadgarnejad, Hojat Babaee



Concerning the increasing global energy demand, the current paper considers nuclear energy as a solution. Within this context, the 2011 disaster in Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant and, particularly, the technical disorders in boiling water reactors are explained. The deficiency of safety technique in boiling water reactors is explained. The deficiencies in safety procedure of this type of reactors manifested during 2011 earthquake and subsequent tsunami are explained. To complete the discussion, the newer Continue reading

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The Influence of Emotion and Gender on Work Efficiency in Hazy Weather

Author(s): Yaozhong Liu, Min Liu, Kai Yu

In recent years, the eastern part of China has suffered numerous large-scale continuous fog and haze, which seriously impact people’s production and life. In present research, a combination method of questionnaire and experiment is used to discuss whether the hazy weather could in-fluence the emotion and if there are any impacts on the work efficiency. 2 (gender) × 3 (emotional type: positive, neutral and negative) completely randomized design is used and the reaction time (RT) is analyzed. Continue reading

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Interactive Digital Games for Geography Teaching and Understanding Geographical Space

Author(s) :Christian Nunes da Silva

This article aims to analyze and discuss the use of digital interactive games, such as learning tools to be used by educators in the classroom, as a resource for geography teaching-learning process in the early grades. This discussion arose from the analysis by geography course graduation students of the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), in the years 2013 and 2014, at which this tool has gained Continue reading

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Experimental Study on Ice Slurry Refrigeration System with Pre-Cooling Heat Exchanger

Author(s): Xukai Yang, Shengchun Liu

15141709n3blIn the present study, the ice slurry refrigeration system with pre-cooling heat exchanger (ISSH) is studied experimentally to achieve the system performance, ice crystal formation time and the temperature of ice crystal formation. The operating parameters considered in this paper include the concentration of salt solution, suction pressure, discharge pressure and Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER). The result shows that the temperature of critical time of ice crystal Continue reading

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Measurement of Blood Loss during Adenotonsillectomy in Children and Factors Affecting It

Author(s):D. Manikandan, F. Musarrat, A. P. Preetham, R. Anjali

This prospective study was done at the Southern Railway Headquarters Hospital, Ayanavaram, Chennai to measure the intraoperative blood loss during adenotonsillectomy and to assess the factors affecting it. Since blood volume in children is low, even a small loss will result in dreaded complications, so blood loss measurement in paediatric surgery is important. Adenotonsillectomy is the most common surgery performed in the field of otolaryngology, so blood loss measurement is Continue reading

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Ownership or Taking Action: Which Is More Important for Happiness?

Author(s):Kohji Hayase, Mitsuhiro Ura

In two studies (2010 and 2011), more than 2000 respondents living in Japan were asked whether they gained more happiness from ownership or from taking action. In the 2010 study, many more individuals preferred taking action to ownership; this preference was greater in women than in men and in older people than in younger people. Reasons for this preference were plainly ex-pressed in respondents’ free writing, and a categorical distinction between ownership Continue reading

62 total views, 4 views today

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Preliminary Results of Solar Flare Induced D-Region Perturbations over UKM Using Stanford AWESOME Receiver

Author(s): Mohd Masri Abd Rashid, Mahamod Ismail, Zamri Zainal Abidin

sunWe present the preliminary results of VLF signal perturbations produced due to solar flare. The data were recorded by the Stanford VLF AWESOME receiver located at National University of Ma-laysia, Selangor. Two new long distance (>1000 km) VLF paths, JJI-UKM (2700 km) and NWC-UKM (3300 km) were analyzed simultaneously. Data from the GOES satellite were used to determine the onset time and type of each of these flares. Results indicated that all five solar flare events with an X-ray peak flux above 10-5 W/m2 (M-class) were Continue reading

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Should We Retire the Term “Predatory Publishing”?


“Should We Retire the Term ‘Predatory Publishing’?” is the title of the blog post at The Scholarly Kitchen written by Rick Anderson.

I had some initial thoughts for the discussion, but for some (technical) reason these initial thoughts did not make it on the blog. Therefore, you find them on this blog (below). My other comments made it on Rick’s blog post. You find the links at the bottom of this page.

Now, to get started:

Thanks Rick, I had already given up hope to ever find a blog post from a publishing organization on this topic. I had written on 2014-01-06 to OASPA and proposed OASPA should start a discussion about blacklisting, predatory criteria, … with a post on their blog (readers can only comment on the blog). I got an answer the same day: “Dieter, … I will pass your suggestion for hosting a discussion about blacklisting on the blog to the OASPA board…”. OASPA never touched the topic and the board never answered.

You are right, the controversy about Beall’s List starts already with the wording. “As former Springer Publisher Jan Velterop put it … ‘using such a term as ‘predatory’ is asking for trouble if malicious intent can’t be proven. To question the journals’ prestige is one thing, but an almost criminal accusation quite another.’ ”(Poynder 2013) Even Beall himself states: “In many cases, the predatory publishers are not doing anything illegal.” (Elliot 2012).

The term “predatory open access publisher” is used predominantly in the USA. In Europe e.g. at OASPA or DOAJ use of the term is carefully avoided. Lars Bjoernshauge from DOAJ derives based on a dictionary definition: “A predatory publisher can then be described as a publisher who intends to injure or exploit others for personal gain or profit.” Bjoernshauge uses the term “questionable publisher” and defines “Questionable publishers are publishers, who are not living up to reasonable standards in terms of content, services, transparency and of business behavior.” (Bjoernshauge 2014).

“… Beall [is] acting as prosecutor, judge and jury on who’s predatory and who’s not. Remarkably, hundreds if not thousands of librarians and others seem to take Beall’s word as gospel.” (Crawford 2014). As such, we already have “Beall’s gospel” and I do not think “faith in Beall” would help much.

“bad faith” = “deceitfulness, malice, fraudulent intend” is all going in the wrong direction. You explained yourself why: “one problem with the concept of bad faith is that it addresses intentions more than actions”. In an evaluation we can only go by facts this is a start: These criteria have to be evaluated in a clear (almost automatic) way with a clear outcome: yes/no, or the amount of something.

For me someone who uses the word “predatory” in publishing is someone who preaches “Beall’s gospel” or at least has sympathy for it. Yes, we should retire the term “Predatory Publishing” it means libel. It should be substitute with “questionable publishing”.


Recommended reading of a blog post from SCIRP – a publisher tired of “And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other.” (Luke 6:29):

Jeffrey Beall: “I am an academic crime fighter”

(Some of the above was taken from this blog post to enable a somewhat quicker response here.)


Link to the blog post at The Scholarly Kitchen:

Logo Scholarly Kitchen

Please link to my other comments to the blog post and read:

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The Relationship between Personality Traits and Stress Levels in Children

Author(s):Jéssica Elandra Bedin, Mariane Luiza Mattjie, Vinícius Renato Thomé Ferreira, Denice Bortolin Baseggio

08091432c7g5This study assessed the relationship between the personality traits and stress levels in children. The Scale of Children Personality Traits and the Scale of Infant Stress were administered. The personality trait dimensions refer to neuroticism, psychoticism, extroversion and sociability, and the stress dimensions refer to levels of stress resistance, alertness, near-exhaustion and exhaustion and the stress reaction types regarding the psychological, psychological with depressing component, Continue reading

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