A quick response to Dr. Beall’s latest blog

A quick response to the latest blog of Dr. Beall
(http://scholarlyoa.com/2015/04/23/more-published-pseudo-science-from-chinese-publisher-scirp/#more-5294): the article “Changes in congenital anomaly incidence in West Coast and Pacific States (USA) after arrival of Fukushima fallout” has been peer-reviewed and the results are to accept the paper. More details will be provided soon.

Review 1:

This study should be published, although not in its current form. The tables would be easier to understand in a different format and with some additional clarification and description in both the text and in a table legend.

It is somewhat confusing as to how the actual dates of data acruement were chosen: all 5 congenital anomalies chosen to report would have occurred before 3 months ega so, unless births in April, May, June, July, Aug and Sept (and possibly Oct) are used as a control population (representing 10-4 months of ega at time of exposure respectively), one would not predict the in utero exposure to have an effect on the defects chosen.  It might be better (except in the case of premature births) to use data from infants born in Oct,Nov, Dec and Jan (representing in utero exposure at 4, 3, 2 and 1 month, respectively) as that might increase the statistical significance of the findings.

It is also interesting that Hawaii, which is about 1000 miles closer to Japan, than California, has lower rates. Thus, some mechanism needs to be used to be able to compare aggregate data from each state.  That is usually the number per 100,000 births, but that seems to be skewed here as well.

Finally, in describing the different anomalies, the authors should include more information about embryology–for example, timing of closure of the anterior neuropore in anencephaly (week 4 postconception), the posterior neuropore in spina bifida (week 4 postconception), the palate and lip (4-6 weeks postconception) and the return of the intestines and closure of the abdominal wall in omphalocele (by week 11 postconception). Regarding the use of trisomy 21 as a measured anomaly syndrome, since this condition is related to preconception or time of conception (as meiosis is completed in the egg only after conception) nondisjunction, one might predict an increase in the future overall rates of trisomy 21 occurrence since nondisjunction can affect any gamete after exposure.

Again, this paper should be published, it is just rather difficult to read and understand in its current form.

Review 2:

The article requires major revision for acceptance in the journal.

  1. The introduction should be short mentioning only relevant points.
  2. What is new in the incidence of congenital malformation in this article. Please highlight those points.
  3. The methodology requires explanation—The statistical significance of differences in 2010-2011 changes between the two groups of states will be tested using a formula (below) that creates a 95% confidence interval of the differences.59If the upper and lower bounds of the confidence interval both exceed zero, the difference is statistically significant
  4. what was the inclusion and exclusion criteria?
  5. Were these pregnant females exposed to any other teratogens? Pl mention
  6. The discussion should be short related to your results.

Review 3:

This is a very interesting analysis which makes the most of the available data to ask questions about the effects of the very low levels of radionuclide contamination from Fukushima which reached the west coast of the USA. The authors have avoided a time series and compared increases in two reasonably chosen groups, exposed and not exposed to fallout from Fukushima. The statistical method they chose to use seems rather unusual but is not to be faluted for that reason. I would prefer to see tables showing the base populations in each group and time period, but the populations can be generated from teh data they give, and using a different approach shows that their statistical conclusions are valid.  It would have been interesting to see what the normal variation in the rates of these combined malformations are over a longer period, say from 2005, so that we can be secure that the rate change per year is less than the rate changes which they  ascribe to Fukushima. I do not demand that, but I believe their paper would be stronger for it, and it is certain that there will be criticisms from others on this matter. However, the comparisons of the high dose and low dose groups seem to show that these low dose exposures are having an effect. Other studies have also suggested that the foetus is exquisitely sensitive to internal radiation exposures and I believe this paper should be published to encourage further research on this very serious and important issue.

Review 4:

(1) Major comments

– Word count- the whole write up needs to be concise and succinct, including introduction.

– Methodology needs to be precise,

– You cannot just cite US CDC tables, you have to summarize in order to make it simple.

– Results needs major revamp- make a single comparative pre post table including P values and important details

– Limitations & Future directions of your study needs to be discussed

(2) Minor comments

– Affiliations not mentioned

– Conflict of interest not clarified

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The Third Polarization of Light

Author(s): Richard A. Hutchin

ABSTRACT

A SQUID (Superconducting Quantum Interference Device) measures the magnetic flux inside the loop using the voltage across a pair of Josephson junctions. The signal goes through one oscillation every magnetic flux quantum (h/2e) and is the most sensitive magnet field detector in the world. It measures the magnetic flux even when no magnetic or electric field touches any part of the circuit.
A SQUID (Superconducting Quantum Interference Device) measures the magnetic flux inside the loop using the voltage across a pair of Josephson junctions. The signal goes through one oscillation every magnetic flux quantum (h/2e) and is the most sensitive magnet field detector in the world. It measures the magnetic flux even when no magnetic or electric field touches any part of the circuit.

We are all taught that there are only two polarizations of light because Maxwell’s equations only support two polarizations. This is mathematically true for the electromagnetic fields, but we have learned since the days of Maxwell that the “real” electromagnetic field is not the electromagnetic field tensor Fμv (composed of Electric and Magnetic field terms) but rather the electromagnetic vector potential Aμ. When considered carefully, this requires a third polarization of light with very unusual properties. This third polarization of light does not generate electric or magnetic fields but should be detectable by its impact on supercurrents or quantum interference. It is also unavoidable since it automatically appears under Lorentz transformations to different moving frames.

Discussion
Much of our tradition in E&M theory is that the electric and magnetic fields are the reality, and the vector potential is a computational convenience. Continue reading

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A New Method of Estimating Wave Energy from Ground Vibrations

Author(s): K. Ram Chandar, V. R. Sastry

ABSTRACT
Performance of explosive energy is rated in a number of ways, obtained either from theoretical calculations or from experimental tests. However, it is difficult to determine the amount of the explosive energy transferred to the rock and converted into efficient work in the application of rock blasting. Although measurement of some of the effects of explosive energy in rock mass is ground vibration, noise, etc., which are usually conducted for blast control/analysis purpose, the results are rarely Continue reading

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Detection and Mapping of Water Quality Variation in the Godavari River Using Water Quality Index, Clustering and GIS Techniques

Author(s): Indrani Gupta, Awkash Kumar, Chandrakant Singh, Rakesh Kumar

ABSTRACT
The objective of this research is to develop a tool for planning and managing the water quality of River Godavari. This is achieved by classifying the pollution levels of Godavari River into several categories using water quality index and a clustering approach that ensure simple but accurate information about the pollution levels and water characteristics at any point in Godavari River in Maharashtra. Continue reading

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Discussion on Issues of Inheritance of Internet Virtual Property

ABSTRACT

With the increasingly close connection between the Internet and citizens, the Internet virtual property is increasing in large amount. Although the viewpoints the parties hold about “virtual property” are different in the judicial practice, the analysis from the perspective of legal principle indicates that virtual property should be included in the legacy as “legitimate property” and legally inherited by its successor Continue reading

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SCIRP’s Growth – Numbers from 2008 to 2014

Scientific Research Publishing was incorporated in September 2007 in the state of Delaware, USA. Publishing started in 2008 with 4 journals:

  • International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS )
  • Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA )
  • Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE )
  • Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM )

Journals were added in the following years (Figure 1). The largest number of new journals added to the publishing operation was in 2011 when 107 new journals got started. In subsequent years journals where only added in smaller numbers. At the end of 2014 all scientific disciplines were covered with main scientific areas being Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Engineering, Business, Life Sciences & Medicine, as well as Social Sciences. Continue reading

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The “Colour Family Drawing Test”: Assessing Children’s Perception of Family Relationships. Studies on Mental Health and Cross-Cultural Comparisons

Author(s): Valeria Biasi1, Paolo Bonaiuto, James M. Levin

ABSTRACT
We apply the Colour Family Drawing Test, as a development of the traditional black and white test, for cross-cultural comparison. The participants, aged 7 – 10 years, both genders, were examined individually. Each subject sat at a single table with a white rectangular card of standard size, 24 well-sharpened colour pencils, a black pencil, an eraser and other appropriate tools. S/he received this verbal instruction: “Draw your family”. The procedure was firstly applied to 120 participants Continue reading

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Hands-On Russian Culture Lessons

Author(s): Ksenia S. Zhbanova, Audrey C. Rule, Michelle L. Tichy

ABSTRACT

Russian Gzhel pottery. (a) Gzhel porcelain statue of Alyonushka and goat;
Russian Gzhel pottery. (a) Gzhel porcelain statue of Alyonushka and goat;

The global diverse society necessitates that teachers develop cultural competency and use authentic resources for teaching. This article presents classroom-tested materials for teaching elementary students about aspects of Russian culture, developed by a native Russian and two education professors. Multiage, multi-racial American Midwestern students from a homeschooling cooperative learned vocabulary and concepts with statistically significant increases from pretest to posttest and a large effect size. The lessons began with recognition of human commonalities between Russian people and Americans, in accordance with omniculturalism theory. Lessons then highlighted and celebrated cultural differences through an exploration of Russian literature and culture. Culminating creative craft-making activities included simulating a Gzhel porcelain statue in white air-dry clay with blue markings, making a pop-up version of a matryoshka nesting doll set, constructing a papier-mâché building with onion-domed towers and a Maslenitsa holiday scene, and decorating a paper-covered Continue reading

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Statistical Study of foF2 Diurnal Variation at Dakar Station from 1971 to 1996: Effect of Geomagnetic Classes of Activity on Seasonal Variation at Solar Minimum and Maximum

Author(s): Ali Mahamat Nour, Ouattara Frédéric, Zerbo Jean Louis, Gyébré Aristide Marie Frédéric, Nanéma Emmanuel, Zougmoré François

Abstract
The statistical study of F2 layer critical frequency at Dakar station from 1971 to 1996 is carried out. This paper shows foF2 statistical diurnal for all geomagnetic activities and all seasons and that during solar maximum and minimum phases. It emerges that foF2 diurnal variation graphs at Dakar station exhibits the different types of foF2 profiles in African EIA regions. The type of profile depends on solar activity, Continue reading

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Petrology of the Volcanic Rocks from Bioko Island (“Cameroon Hot Line”)

Author(s): Fadimatou Ngounouno Yamgouot, Bernard Déruelle, Isaac Bertrand Gambie Mbowou, Ismaïla Ngounouno

Abstract

SiO2 vs (Na2O + K2O) diagram for Bioko lavas. All the Bioko lavas plot inside the field of the lavas from the CHL oceanic sector. The data from Mt Cameroon are given for comparison (data after [17] ).
SiO2 vs (Na2O + K2O) diagram for Bioko lavas. All the Bioko lavas plot inside the field of the lavas from the CHL oceanic sector. The data from Mt Cameroon are given for comparison (data after [17] ).
Bioko island (3008 m a.s.l.), is composed of the alkaline basaltic lavas (basalts and hawaiites) with xenoliths. These lavas have a microlitic texture and consisted of euhedral to subhedral phenocrysts (>1 mm) of olivine (0.83 < Mg# < 0.87) and diopside ± Ti-augite. Plagioclase (An62-67Ab35-32Or3-1) phenocrysts are present only in hawaiites. In Harker diagrams, SiO2, Al2O3, Na2O and K2O contents of the lavas increase and Fe2O3, MgO and CaO decrease with increasing differentiation from basalts to hawaiites. The compatible elements Ni, Cr and V decrease strongly in basalts and remain at low levels in hawaiites. Continue reading

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