Lean and Industry 4.0—Twins, Partners, or Contenders? A Due Clarification Regarding the Supposed Clash of Two Production Systems

Author: Bruno G. Rüttimann1, Martin T. Stöckli2

Although Lean manufacturing techniques are not yet in place in every shop floor production, the so-called Smart Factory with the very promising German-coined label “Industry 4.0” is already making its tour. While the Toyota Production System (TPS) has shown to be the most performant manufacturing system, the Industry 4.0 initiative is still in the scoping phase with the demanding goal to become a highly integrated cyber production system. The partial and often limited knowledge about Lean production leads to distorted ideas that the two approaches are incompatible. In order to eradicate wrong statements, this paper tries to explain what Lean really is and how it has to be considered in the context of the Industry 4.0 initiative. Further, it discusses the existing contradiction within the Industry 4.0 goals regarding manufacturing performance and break-even point.


Journal: Journal of Service Science and Management
DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.96051 (PDF)
Paper Id: 42627 (metadata)

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Posted in JSSM | 1 Comment

Motor Coordination Training and Pedagogical Approach for Combating Childhood Obesity

Author(s): Allan Chak Lun Fu, Stephen Paul Cobley, Ross Howard Sanders

Evidence suggests that obesity is strongly associated with low physical activity (PA). Overcoming the obesity problem requires that individuals adhere to prescribed PA programs. Therefore, in this paper we review the factors affecting adherence. On the basis of the review we recommend a strategy for developing movement competence and enjoyment of PA to improve adherence and long term participation in PA. The relationships among childhood obesity, level of PA, and movement competence indicated by motor coordination (MC) and development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) were reviewed, followed by an assessment of current pedagogical and psychological principles leading to the proposal of a strategic approach to improve long term PA adherence. Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Carcinoma of the Ovary Presenting as Cutaneous Metastases

Author(s): Monisha Venugopal, Naresh Duthaluri, Prabhu Purushothamanan, Anukiran Ravichandran, Arcot Rekha

Introduction: Cutaneous metastasis is common from malignancies of the genitourinary system and occasionally from the digestive system. Cutaneous metastases, due to ovarian carcinoma as a presenting feature, being diagnosed on cytology, are uncommonly reported. Case Report: A 70-year-old lady presented with a cutaneous nodule and progressive abdominal distension. Investigations for metastatic nodule showed it to be a lesion from the ovary. Discussion: Carcinoma ovary is often diagnosed when patients present with ascites and the association with a parietal wall deposit is uncommon. The occurrence of a parietal wall nodule when the ascites is negative for malignant cells is not previously documented. Conclusion: We discuss literature of the malignancies that present with a parietal wall metastases and the management of ovarian carcinoma.


Journal: Case Reports in Clinical Medicine
DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2016.511063 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72354 (metadata)

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Posted in CRCM | 2 Comments

Bio-Morphological Characters of Alien Legume Species, Influencing Their Invasion in Natural Plant Communities

Author(s): Yulia Vinogradova

Five alien legume species, actively invading in natural plant communities in European part of Russia, were studied—Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl., Galega orientalis Lam., Robinia pseudoacacia L., Amorpha fruticosa L. and Caragana arborescens L. Distribution ranges (considering their invasive status) were mapped. Not a single bio-morphological character to forecast invasion success in natural plant communities within secondary distribution range was found. The data of key value/importance for explaining invasive success of the species studied were obtained. Two hypotheses—Propagule Pressure and Evolution of Invasiveness—were critically analyzed in view of the received data.


Journal: American Journal of Plant Sciences
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.716209 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72345 (metadata)

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Posted in AJPS | 7 Comments

Are Tent Cities an Illusion of Success? Clients’ Perceptions of Neoliberalism Strategies

Author(s): Francisco J. Alatorre

The term, neoliberalism has been used to describe the overarching political and economic framework in which services for the poor living outside institutional life has operated for roughly the past 30 years. This implies a unified intent to “manage the poor” to benefit the larger society, in particular the business sector and the wealthy which are the key actors in society according to neoliberal doctrine. This paper explores and questions the conventional ideology of “managing the poor” and thus inquires further about the identified objectives of such management: whether such programs are intended to help the homeless re-establish themselves or prevent them from impinging on the wealthier classes. This questioning is done by reporting on and analyzing the experiences of twenty homeless people who are currently being “managed” by services provided by the agency Mesilla Valley Community of Hope (MVCH) in Las Cruces, New Mexico. This agency, reflecting Neoliberal doctrines, has created and manages a tent city which provides services for people who are homeless and near homeless. These services include showers, laundry, mail, voice mail, phone, lockers, case management, training programs, and donated goods, including clothing, shoes, hygiene products and household goods. MVCH also has various housing programs including transitional and permanent housing for people who are homeless. The findings derived from the interviewed participants reveal that “the managed” provide a contrasting view with those who assess neoliberalism practices as only benefiting society.


Journal: Open Journal of Social Sciences
DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.411010 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72270 (metadata)

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Posted in JSS | 3 Comments

The Revelation Research of Huawei Performance Management Mode to China’s Private Enterprises

Author(s): Mengmeng Shi, Zhenjian Jiang

Performance management plays a significant role in current business management. But with the changing environment and economic globalization, the competition among enterprises has become more furious than several years ago, and advanced performance management methods must be used in business management especially in human resource management field. In this paper, we try to analysis the problems existing in the performance management of China’s private enterprises currently, and then research benchmark performance management mode of Huawei and thus illuminate suggestions in view of the performance management problem of private enterprises in Chinese. We hope this article would bring in new enlightenment ways for those in trouble enterprises.


Journal: Open Access Library Journal
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103137 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72092 (metadata)

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Posted in AJIBM | 2 Comments

Perceptions and Receipt of Cancer Screening among African Americans: A Community Networks Program Project

Author(s): Sylvie A. Akohoue, Donna Kenerson, Zudi-Mwak Takizala, Katina Beard, Marilyn Burress, Helen Pinkerton, Jianguo Liu, Kushal Patel, Margaret Hargreaves

Objective: Minority groups constitute one of the nation’s highest cancer risk groups. Historically, these groups have not been adequately informed about cancer, its prevention and/or treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine participants’ receipt of cancer screening and to explore perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of cancer screening. Methods: A two-part study design consisting of a survey and focus group was conducted among African Americans residents of neighborhoods geographically defined as low-income areas of Chattanooga, Memphis, and Nashville in the state of Tennessee. The survey was administered to 1071 participants, and 12 focus groups were conducted with a total of 112 participants, with both sets of participants being residents of similarly defined underserved communities served by the community health centers. Continue reading

Posted in OJEpi | 9 Comments

Banana Peel for Acetylsalicylic Acid Retention

Author(s): Araceli Veronica F. N. Ribeiro, André Romero da Silva, Tiago Pereira da Cunha, Rowenna Tonani L. dos Santos, Jairo Pinto de Oliveira, Evaldo Vitor Pereira, Marcus Vinicius V. J. Licinio, Madson de Godoi Pereira, Arnaud Victor dos Santos, Joselito Nardy Ribeiro

A method for adsorption involving banana peel (BP) was studied to remove the pollutant acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in aqueous medium. The results show that bioadsorbent has satisfactory maximum adsorption capacity (2.29 mg/g) for removing this analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug in aqueous solution (pH 7.0) using the Langmuir mathematical model. The tested concentrations of this pollutant were higher than the levels commonly found in the aquatic environment. This and other results suggest the BP as an alternative to ASA removal in water contaminated with pharmaceuticals pollutants.


Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.712147 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72211 (metadata)

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Posted in JEP | 2 Comments

Analysis of the Influence of Heat Wave on Death among the Elderly in Nanjing City

Author(s): Xiakun Zhang, Yanyan Zhou, Ying Tian, Shuyu Zhang

To obtain the influence of heat waves on death in the elderly, the influence of the heat waves in Nanjing in the summers (from June to August) of 2005-2008 on death among the elderly was analyzed by using statistical methods including generalized additive models. The results showed that the death toll over these four summers in Nanjing tended to increase; on an average 10.76% more males died than females, and the mortality rate of old people aged ≥65 accounted for 73.21% of all deaths. The mortality rate of older people rose with increasing maximum temperature. Furthermore, the average excess mortality rate caused by heat wave weather processes was 15.91%, while it was less affected by the duration of the heat wave. The death toll of the elderly increased with the increase in humidity, dropping of atmospheric pressure, and decrease of wind speed for 1°C increase of maximum temperature. Under the same humidity condition, atmospheric pressure, and wind speed, the death toll during heat wave days was higher than that occurring on other days, and heat waves increased the risk of death among the elderly by 26.6% (95% CI: 1.100 – 1.154). Daily mortality was mainly affected by the daily maximum temperature 1, 4, or 6 days later, particularly 4 days later. Heat wave was one of the principal factors, which caused the rise in death tolls in summer, and the elderly were most affected.


Journal: Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection
DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.411007 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72136 (metadata)

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Posted in GEP | 9 Comments

Biosorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+, Cu2+ by Four Kinds of Active Microalgae

Author(s): Fang Chen, Budan Chen, Guojuan Gan, Lin Zhang, Yan Liang, Sikai Wu

To investigate the affinity of the terrestrial microalgae to metal ions (Zn2+, Cu2+ and Ni2+) in aqueous solutions, four kinds of living algae (Oscillatoria, Botryococcus, Scenedesmus and Spirulina platensis Geitl, abbreviated as CZ, PTZ, SZ and LXZ) were chosen to biosorption experiment, and the mechanism of algae biosorption to metal ions were explored by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results show that four kinds of algae have a good affinity for Cu, Zn, the removal rate could reach more than 95%; while for Ni, compared with CZ, SZ and PTZ, the adsorption rate of LXZ is weak. The results of FTIR and SEM experiments revealed that the function groups such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, amino, sulfonic groups and so on are the main groups which played important role in the procedure of absorbing metal ions from water aqueous. Specific algae have different affinity to different metals which will be great helpful in the field of biosorption.


Journal: Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
DOI: 10.4236/msce.2016.411002 (PDF)
Paper Id: 72064 (metadata)

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Posted in MSCE | 339 Comments