Successful High-Dosage Dexamethasone Treatment of H1N1 Influenza A Pneumonia Complicated with Acute Necrotizing Encephalitis in an HIV-Infected Adult

Author(s):Kuan-Chih Chen, Chien-Hung Gow, Chia-Jui Yang, Hou-Tai Chang

ABSTRACT
Neurological manifestations in H1N1 influenza A infection are very rare, especially in adults, and its mechanism of action is still uncertain. Here, we reported the case of a 53-year-old woman with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) who had H1N1 influenza A pneumonia complicated with very rare acute necrotizing encephalitis, although the HIV was under control. With prompt identification and administration of high dosage of dexamethasone, her mental Continue reading

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America’s Birth Certificate: The Oldest Globular World Map: c. 1507

Author(s): Stefaan Missinne

ABSTRACT

Birth Certificate of America c. 1507.
Birth Certificate of America c. 1507.

In 2012, a woodcut print for a c. 11 centimeter globe was discovered in an ancient volume in the University Library in Munich. This pivotal 1 million US$ globular world map, which only differs marginally from 4 other extant woodcut copies, attracted worldwide media attention. This discovery ignited the search for the date and the origin of an enigma in the form of an intricate secretive small Renaissance map. The aforementioned had been acquired inserted in a French adapted and unauthorised copy of the Introduction to Cosmography dated 1507 and printed in Lyon. The son of a Dutch American immigrant from Flusching, H.C. Kalbfleisch bought it in Paris in 1881 and brought it to New York. The author offers key evidence that this secretive map is an important misinterpreted and misdated cultural historical prototype which antedates 5 later woodcut copies: Gores in Munich UB, Minnesota-Hauslab, Continue reading

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Knowledge about HIV and AIDS among Young Women

Author(s):Catherine M. Ngoma, Janetta Roos, Seter Siziya

ABSTRACT
HIV and AIDS are a major health concern among women worldwide. It is important that women especially youths are educated about HIV and AIDS because they represent a window of opportunity for reversing HIV rates if effective prevention programs can reach them before they engage in risky sexual behaviour. Women are more vulnerable to HIV infection than men and play a central role in the concept of the family, in nurturing, protecting, and caring for the family. The aim of the study was to explore HIV and AIDS knowledge among young women. Continue reading

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Relationship between Mood Change, Odor and Its Psychophysiological Responses in Humans in Terms of the Sensory Evaluation Spectrum

Author(s): Yoshiaki Sugawara, Asami Shigetho, Mai Yoneda, Tomoko Tuchiya, Hiroko Yamada, Tomomi Matumura, Miki Hirano

ABSTRACT
29163920x7h2How does the brain ultimately identify more than 10,000 odorants? How precisely can humans and their olfactory system detect and discriminate a great variety of odors and subtle differences in the molecular structures of a given aroma? In a series of studies, we have attempted to examine the relationship between mood change, odor and its psychophysiological responses, by focusing on the possible verbal (semantic) and non-verbal (skin temperature) changes in humans induced by smelling the fragrances of Continue reading

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Validity and Reliability of the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self Scale: Solving a New Type of Depression

Author(s): Itsuki Yamakawa, Masaki Muranaka, Shinji Sakamoto

ABSTRACT
Although “modern-type” depression (MTD), having different features than melancholic-type depression, has become problematic in Japan especially since the late 1990s, there are few psychological studies of MTD. Sakamoto, Muranaka, and Yamakawa (2014) proposed a psychological framework depicting the onset of MTD, and coined a new concept of interpersonal sensitivity/ privileged self, which is assumed to be a vulnerability factor for MTD. In the present study, we examined the validity and reliability of the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self Scale (IPS; Muranaka, Yamakawa, & Sakamoto, 2014), which has two superordinate factors, namely Interpersonal Sensitivity (IS: 16 items) and Privileged Self (PS: 9 items). Because MTD Continue reading

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Application of Commensurability in Earthquake Prediction

Author(s):Youjin Su1, Hui Hu

ABSTRACT
This article introduces application of the expanding commensurability in earthquake prediction. The results show that most of the world’s major earthquake occurred at their commensurable points of time axis. An EQ 7.0 occurred in Lushan of China on 2013-04-20 and an EQ 8.2 occurred in Iquique of northern Chile on 2014-04-01 all occurred at their commensurable points of time axis. This once again proves that the commensurability provides an important scientific basis for the Continue reading

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A Hybrid Method for Compression of Solar Radiation Data Using Neural Networks

Author(s): Bharath Chandra Mummadisetty, Astha Puri, Ershad Sharifahmadian, Shahram Latifi, Shahram Latifi

ABSTRACT

Cascade feed forward neural network (The cascade Correlation Algorithm)
Cascade feed forward neural
network (The cascade Correlation Algorithm)

The prediction of solar radiation is important for several applications in renewable energy research. There are a number of geographical variables which affect solar radiation prediction, the identification of these variables for accurate solar radiation prediction is very important. This paper presents a hybrid method for the compression of solar radiation using predictive analysis. The prediction of minute wise solar radiation is performed by using different models of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), namely Multi-layer perceptron neural network (MLPNN), Cascade feed forward back propagation (CFNN) and Elman back propagation (ELMNN). Continue reading

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What Men Want in a Woman: Personality Is More Important than Academic Record or Athleticism

Author(s): Adrian Furnham, Alastair McClelland

ABSTRACT
Two hundred and fifty eight male respondents with a mean age of 24.5 years were presented with sixteen hypothetical females which they were asked to rate for suitability as long term partners. The hypothetical females differed with respect to: academic record ability (high/average); athleticism (high/low) and two personality variables; Extraversion (introvert/extravert) and Neuroticism (stable/neurotic). Overall males preferred intelligent, athletic, extraverted, stable females as potential long term partners. Effect sizes showed that being Extravert was seen as being Continue reading

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Use of Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Grow Cartilage and Bone

Author(s):Hosseyn Rafei

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cell differentiate to become bones and cartilage as well as muscles and adipose tissues.
Mesenchymal stem cell differentiate to become bones and
cartilage as well as muscles and adipose tissues.

Regardless of the fact that bones have a tremendous capacity to be repaired, there are various clinical situations where allographs seek to enhance the regeneration of bones through promotion of osteogenesis [1]. Precarious botches linked to the present grafting treatments include osteonecrosis along with restricted combination between the grafted and host tissues. It is considered that the fundamental issue with the present approaches to bone grafting is the fact that they lead to bone regeneration by means of direct osteogenesis. Therefore, it may be hypothesized Continue reading

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Analysis of 1246 Cases of Orbital Lesions: A Study of 17 Years

Author(s): Asad Aslam Khan, Suhail Sarwar, M. Ali Ayaz Sadiq, Munib Ur Rehman, Asad Ullah, Imran Ahmad

ABSTRACT

Case of retinoblastoma with proptosis.
Case of retinoblastoma with proptosis.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to present an analysis of orbital lesions by classifying them according to the site of origin in patients of all ages presenting at a tertiary care eye hospital from 1996 till 2012. Methods: 1637 patients were initially enrolled in this descriptive case series. Clinical data of 1246 patients who completed the study during 17 years were analyzed. Orbital lesions of the patients were examined and managed medically or surgically as per requirement. The histopathological reports of these patients were used to classify the lesions. Results: Out of all cases 54.57% (n = 680) were neoplastic and 45.42% (n = 566) were nonneoplastic lesions. Continue reading

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